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Lecture 3: Motivation

3 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 471
Richard Koestner

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Sept 13 Is trying to lose weight a healthy goal or a maladaptice, false hope? - is losing weight even under our conscious control? - three quarters of us are probably sensitive about our weight - losing weight is not difficult, the problem is keeping the weight off. - what are the costs/benefits of repeated attempts to lose weight - what's a healthy approach to losing/maintaining weight - Eileen Barton: 35-year old case study - Weight and exercise are always on her mind - she was skinny as a child and didn't think about exercise or eating - when she went to college, she was warned about the freshman fifteen - she gained sixty pounds in first year, and so she decided to fast, a high protein diet, blah blah blah. she kept regaining her weight - she's overly concerned with weight, she spends too much time thinking about it. however, people don't think that anymore, they think that it's something that we all need to do - 78% of adult American women are focussed on their weight, as well as 64% of men - average American woman weights 152lbs and the average ideal weight is 124lbs - the actual weight is going up and the ideal weight is going down. this discrepancy causes a lot of unhappiness with oneself and motivates people to try and address it - is losing weight something that we can succeed at? - what you can change and what you can't: - panic: curable - specific phobias: almost curable - sexual dysfunction: marked relief - depression: moderate relief - anger problems: mild relief - overweight: temporary change - PTSD: marginal relief - the Oprah Penomenon: she admitted to focussing on her weight, so she went on an opti-fast diet - after about 4-5 months, she lost weight and she told everyone to join this. over the next 3 months, she gained more weight - she's had many other shows on kinds of diets. - eg Hovall: VLCD study. everyone was 50% above their ideal weight. half the people drop out. stayers lose 84% of excess weight. within 18months, participants gain 80% of their excess weight back. 3% are considered a success at 5 years - Seligman: natural weight is genetically determined, self-control and willpower don't affect it much. - when we go down below our set point, there will be certain things that push us to get back up to that set point - we'll be preoccupied with food, and we will under
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