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March 20 - PSYC473.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 473
Professor
Mark Baldwin
Semester
Winter

Description
MARCH 20 , 2013: IMPLICIT COGNITIVE RELATIONSHIPS - In our relationships with other ppl, there is a mixture of different emotions that are involved. - When we are thirsty, we buy a bottle of water – the goal is straight forward. o However, this is not the case with relationships which are a lot come complicated and confusing. - There are some things that we are pursuing in our relationships that are obvious (e.g. attachment, physical contact, etc.) - There are some things that we are pursuing in our relationships that are not obvious (e.g. power dynamics, hostility, etc.) Importance of Interpersonal Cognition - Interpersonal cognitions: our thought about how we relate with other ppl and the dynamics that relate to that. o Related to self-esteem, stress, motivation. o Assumed to function largely implicitly. - Some questions are unique to the interpersonal context: o Basic attitudes o Expectancies o Strategies - E.g. Dancing – in order for it to happen properly it has to be somewhat automatic; even though you can learn it in a structured way, it’s not really the right way to do it. o Interpersonal interactions can be thought of in the same way. Implicit Association Task (IAT) SEPARATENESS TOGETHERNESS CSEPARATET TOGETHER UNCOMMITTED INDEPENDENT SHARE MARRIAGE ALONE - Ask ppl to tap with their left hand if the word starts with “S” and to tap their right hand if the word starts with “T.” Implicit Association Task (IAT) BAD GOOD HOLIDAY WARMTH VOMIT GIFT SUNSHINEH GARBAGE PAIN - Ask ppl to tap with their left hand if the word represents something good and tap with their right hand if the word represents something bad. Implicit Association Task (IAT) SEPARATENESS TOGETHERNESS OR GOOD OR BAD COMMITMENT VOMIT TOGETHER GIFT UNCOMMITTED SHARE MWARMTHE COCKROACH - However, when you put two categories together in opposite directions, this task tells you about implicit attitudes. o Separateness OR Good and Togetherness OR Bad Basic Attitudes - Can we measure implicit attitudes? - Cross et al. (2002) o Explicit measure: Relational-Interdependent Self-Construal (RISC) scale  My close relationships are an important reflection of who I am. o Implicit measure: Relationship IAT  Commitment, share together vs. hatred, cancer, poison - Results: Found that explicit and implicit relationship attitudes correlated moderately well. o You can measure something about ppl’s implicit attitudes, but we also have a gut feeling about this kind of relationship which can be assessed with the IAT. These two things correlate moderately, but not perfectly. Do Implicit Attitudes Predict Anything? - Agnew et al. (1998) - Interested in looking at how invested ppl are in their romantic relationship (explicitly, but also implicitly). o Looked at whether ppl saw themselves and partner as a “cognitive unit”? - Explicit measure of commitment - Implicit: asked subjects to list thoughts about romantic relationship. o Coded for inclusion of plural pronouns (we, our, us). - Results: implicit and explicit correlated well. Also, high implicit predicted increase in explicit commitment across 6-week period. - Conclusion: Early indication that you can measure implicit and explicit attitudes separately. Also shows that implicit attitudes tap into something that will be expressed through explicit attitudes. Should We Expect Implicit and Explicit to Correlate Well? - Maybe it depends on what basis you feel like you are committed to your partner. - There are different reasons to be committed to your relationship: o Satisfaction-based: you are satisfied from the relationship. o Barrier to exit: you are forced to get into a relationship (e.g. shotgun wedding). - If barriers to exit are high, maybe ppl struggle to maintain explicit satisfaction even if their implicit attitude is not positive. o Barriers to exit make you stuck in the relationship and you might try to find ways to remain satisfied in the relationship and to make it tolerable. o However, these things will not measure up to implicit attitudes. Scinta & Gable (2007) - Measured IAT: o Partner vs. not partner o Pleasant vs. unpleasant - Measured barriers to exit: o “I have put a great deal into our relationship that I would lose it is ended” - Results: IAT correlated well with explicit satisfaction unless commitment was based on barriers to exit (in which case they correlated slightly neg
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