Class Notes (839,189)
Canada (511,223)
Psychology (3,335)
PSYC 690J3 (29)
Juan Wang (29)

lecture 24.doc

3 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 690J3
Juan Wang

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Gender Influences  Women appear to have been more heavily influenced by the cultural ideal of thinness  Women are typically valued more for their appearance whereas men gain esteem more for their accomplishments  Women apparently are more concerned than men about being thin, are more likely to diet and are thus more vulnerable to eating disorders.  The risk for eating disorders among groups of women who might be expected to be particularly concerned with their weight such as models, dancers and gymnasts appears to be especially high.  Cuz the onset of eating disorders is typically preceded by dieting and other concerns about weight Cross cultural studies  Eating disorders appear to be far more common in industrialized societies such as the US, Canada, Japan, Australia, and Europe than in non-industrialized nations and it is also generally accepted that eating disorders are more evident in western cultures  Young women who immigrate to industrialized western cultures may be especially prone to developing eating disorders owing to the experience of rapid cultural changes and pressures  The wide variation in the prevalence of eating disorders across cultures suggest the importance of culture in establishing realistic vs potentially disordered views of ones body.  In one study of 369 adolescent girls in Pakistan none met diagnostic criteria for AN and only one met criteria for bulimia  Its difficult to compare prevalence rates across cultures accurately  The effects of introducing tv (and exposure to body shape ideals via tv) to a rural area of Fiji that had never had tv. This study showed that within three years there was a noticeable increase in preoccupation with weight and body shape, purging beh, and negative evaluations of body characteristics. Interview data also indicated that the Fijian girls acknowledged social learning and wished to emulate ppl they had seen on tv  A disorder similar to AN that exists in several non industrialized Asian countries (India, Malaysia, the Philippines). This disorder involves severe emaciation, food refusal and amenorrgea but not a fear of becoming fat  BN is a culture bound syndrome while AN is not. Thus AN may be much more common across cultures and the genetic heratability of AN relative to BN may show less variability across cultures PSYCHODYANMIC VIEWS (imp one)  Most propose that the core cause lies in disturbed parent-child relationships and agree that certain core personality traits such as low self esteem and perfectionism, are found among individuals with eating disorders  Symptoms of an eating disorder fulfill some need, such as the need to increase ones sense of personal effectiveness (the person succeeds in maintaining a strict diet) does not achieve the usual female shape)  Early psychodynamic models interpreted symptoms of anorexia from a conflict perspective while contemporary psychodynamic models interpret symptoms of anorexia from a deficit perspective with a particular emphasis on anorexia as a way to compensate for defects in the self  Several psychodynamic theories focus on family relationships. AN is an attempt by kids who have been raised to feel ineffectual to gain competence and respect to ward off feelings of helplessness, ineffectiveness and powerlessness.  This sense of ineffectiveness is created by a parenting style in which the parents wishes are imposed on the child without considering the child’s needs or wishes. Kids reared this way do not learn to identify their own internal states and do not become self-reliant. When faced with the demands of adolescence the child seizes on the societal emphasis on thinness and turns dieting into a means of acquiring control and identity  Obstinate, avoidant or controlling reactions on the part of these clients often constitute adaptations justified by past experience of parental over control Family systems theory  A theory
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.