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Religious Studies
EDER 521
Jerry M.Cain

-it is a branch of Protestantism and a tradition within Christianity that consists of churches, historically connecting to the Church of England -it is called Anglicanism because the Church of England is formally known as “Ecclesia Anglicana” -although there are differences in individual Anglican churches, they all have 4 beliefs in common: 1. The Bible as a basis of our faith; 2. The Nicene and Apostles’ Creeds, basic statements of Christian belief; 3. Recognition of the sacraments of Baptism and Holy Communion, and 4. The continuity of the line of bishops since the time of Christ. -Anglicanism rests on 3 pillars, faith reason and tradition and there must be a balance between them. th -the Anglican Church was formed by Henry the 8 , but leaders of the Church of England took the opportunity to make changes which the authorities of the Roman Catholic Church opposed. -the main difference between Roman Catholic Church and Anglican Church is that the Anglicans give individual churches more independence, so even though they have 4 beliefs in common, they still allow other churches to practice them the way they want. -Roman Catholics believe that the church determines how and what and individual should believe in order to be in a right relationship with God, whereas, the Anglicans believe that the Church is there to guide and teach but how and what a person believes is between God and the person. Reformed Churches -it is a branch of Protestantism and a tradition that accepts the principals of the Reformation. -the leader of Reformation was John Calvin -he believed that humans are created for communion with God and do not rest until they achieve it. The approach humans use to reach God is both logical and spiritual, thus he used the word “knowledge” as a synonym of the word “faith” -God is absolutely supreme, initiating all actions and creating and redeeming the world. -this teaching implied 2 things that Calvin and the Reformed churches could not defend -the idea that humans are so sinful that they must depend on God’ grace for salvation, and - The idea that the supreme God has predestined all humans to either heaven or hell -the idea that Christ paid for human sin was a central idea to Calvin’s thought. His influence was so strong that the Reformed Churches as referred to as Calvinists. -Reformed Churches don’t have bishops; instead, regional representatives perform the tasks of a bishop Anabaptists -they emphasized adult baptism rather than infant baptism; this reflected their voluntaristic conception of Christianity. -they believe that baptism should be a choice and not imposed. It should be an act of mature personal commitment. -they also believe that the Church should stay apart from political institutions -they rely on lay preachers and tended to pacifism in times of war - They are an “anti-establishment” group and they emerged after the dissatisfaction they felt with the pace of change during the Reformation. Unitarians -rejects the concept of Trinity -it reflects the experience of those people who have struggled to understand the concept of Trinity and concluded that they couldn’t establish the divinity of Jesus. -it has minimal creedal demands so it is often the denomination of Jewish-Christian couples Puritanism -this was more like a movement rather than a denomination -it began as an effort to purify the Church of England from Catholic practices -they held firmly to Calvinist beliefs -this movement included individuals who believed that they were chosen by God for salvation -their ideals included moderation in behaviour and moral activism -they were also motivated to work hard and live simple lives that would accumulate savings. This caused them to play as important role in a capitalist system -The Church of England got rid of Puritanism and replaced it with monarchy, causing Puritanism to cease in England Congregationalists -similar to Presbyterian Calvinism -they differ in the way they govern; Congregationalists reject the idea of elder and gives each individual congregation the authority to manage its own affairs, the only higher power is of God’s - in England the congregational churches formed a union where they were active in political and missionary causes Baptists -like the Anabaptists, they practised baptism of mature believers, not infants -they were much connected with the Puritan movement than with the Anabaptists -they believed that people should choose their religion rather be born in one and the state should have no interference with whatever religion the person chooses. - had 2 branches - Calvinist Baptists who set aside salvation for a particular sector of humanity -General Baptist who asserted a general salvation for humanity -this denomination rema
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