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EDER 524 (13)

Sacred texts.doc

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McGill University
Religious Studies
EDER 524
David Harpp

Basics: - The adherents are called Muslims, Jews, and Christians - There are 1.3ndillion Muslims, 14 mthlion Jews and 2 billion Christians - Islam is the 2 largest, Judaism 12 and Christianity the current largest religion in the world - Major concentrations are in the Middle east, and South East Asia for Islam; Israel, Europe and USA for Judaism; Europe North and South America, rapid growth in Africa for Christianity - Sacred texts: Qur’an (Koran) for Islam, Bible (Old Testaments) for Judaism, Bible (Jewish Bible + New Testament) - Other written authorities include the Hadith for Islam; Talmud, Midrash and Responsa for Judaism; Church fathers, Church councils, papal decrees (Catholic only) for Christians - Religious law include the Sharia for Islam; Halakhah for Judaism; Canon Law for Christianity - The clergies include the Imams for Islam; the Rabbis for Judaism; Priests, ministers, pastors and bishops for Christianity - House of worship: Mosque for Islam; Synanogue for Judaism; church, chapel and cathedral for Christianity - The main day of worship: Friday for Islam; Saturday for Judaism; Sunday for Christianity History: - Date founded: 622 CE Islam; Judaism apparently is unknown (correct me if im wrong); c. 33 CE Christianity - Place of foundation: Saudi Arabia for Islam; Palestine for Judaism and Christianity - Founder of the religions: Muhammad for Islam; Moses/Abraham for Judaism; Jesus for Christianity - Original languages: Arabic for Islam; Hebrew for Judaism; Aramaic, Greek for Christianity - Early expansion: with in 12 years, entire Arabian peninsula; within 100 years, Islam stretched from the Atlantic to China (Islam); there was little expansion for Judaism, mostly confied to Palestine (Judaism); within 60 years, churches in major cities in Palestine, Turkey, Greece and Rome, Entire Roman Empire for 4th century (Christianity) - The major splits: Shia/Sunni split (650 CE) for Islam; Reform/Orthodox 1800s CE for Judaism; Catholic/Orthodox, 1054 CE. Catholic/Protestant, 1500s CE for Christianity Comparing the Religious beliefs of the three: - Type of theism: Strict monotheism in Islam and Judaism; Trinitarian monotheism in Christianity - Ultimate reality: one God in all three religions - Names of God: Allah (Arabic for God) in Islam; Yahweh, Elohim for Judaism; Yahweh, the Holy Trinity for C
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