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Lecture 3

Lecture 3- Oral Law.pdf

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Religious Studies
RELG 204
Patricia Kirkpatrick

Genesis 12 is the beginning of the story of the people of Israel not just a story about a deity, but about his relationship with the People of Israel through a covenant Bible contains both narrative and law codes (613 to be exact) Judaism in 2ndC was a religion beginning to be formulated by the pharisees, who later became known as the rabbis mishnah is codification of law writing oral law preserves it, but there is then a tendency not to change it change laws to keep them current, because things evolve, situations change, living circumstances change oral law as a consequence, rabbis were able to see the interpretation of law evolve and remain relevant oral law needed to be written down itself though, around 200CE rabbis were particularly sensitive to the notion that someone would come along and call their oral law subjective fancy had to remain authoritative, so need a line of succession to prove that generation after generation had agreed with this position, or argued for it we normally don’t credit the possibility that there is more than one answer or way of looking at divine law, yet rabbis did they referred back to Moses’ oral law that had been transmitted through the generations Talmud 200CE, former open and growing body of interpretation of Jewish law had become, like the Bible, a fixed written text structure of Mishnah divided into 63; two different Talmuds commenting on Mishnah the Mishnah and the palestinian gamara form the Palestinian Talmud interesting source of historical record, folklore, and tradition not only was the economy in decline, but the Roman Empire was in the midst of Christianization Theodosius II abolished the leading patriarch, head of Palestinian society the Mishnah and babylonian gamara form the Babylonian Talmud legal discussions in it more incisive than Palestinian one muslims took over Babylonian region, now called Iraq starts with short passage from Mishnah, then passage from gamara nature of the commentary tradition is evident in standard and newer editions, in narrow column in centre of the page at first, only Pal. could determine new month and calendar, until calendar became c
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