Class Notes (810,503)
Canada (494,140)
RELG 253 (161)
Lecture 9

Lecture 9.pdf

4 Pages
Unlock Document

McGill University
Religious Studies
RELG 253
Victor S?gen Hori

Japan History Introduction Sign for sun + sign for origin = nihon/nippon/japan Country of the rising sun Japanese people are no homogenous per se Patterns of immigration from Siberia, China, South Korea, etc Black current Kuroshio current From southern Pacific Ocean up to Japan, then going to BC Land area Slightly small than California Demography Total population is decreasing Life expectancy from 78-85 years Prehistory Jomon period 11,000-300 BCE Means "cord mark" Pottery Looks like a rope was used to make marks on the pottery Hunting-gathering-fishing No agriculture Living-off the land Thus, living near the ocean or a fresh river Statues Totems or goddesses? People were organized in tribes Hypothesis that each worshipped its god/totem Fertility rituals Some evidence Yayoi period 300 BC + Pottery Narrower neck What is now considered japanese culture Start of "Japanese" culture Rice cultivation Beginning of social organization In order to have wet rice cultivations, everyone has to share the source of water and cooperate to make it work Hunter-gatherer-fisher + agriculture Religious life Female shamans Legend of Himiko/Pimiko Settles conflicts between tribes Her main function is to communicate with the gods She has power and charisma that imposes peace on tribes She rarely meets the public Very introverted Only younger brother has access to her To a lot of scholars, Japanese religion has a feminine character Most important divinity is a goddess The Sun-God Himiko 297 CE Wei Chih (a Chinese document) Himiko is the female ruler Emperor of Wei confers title on Himiko In Wa, the Chinese ambassador Cheng declares Iyo successor to Himiko Yoshinogari Site Reconstruction of village at the time Kofun period Means "ancient tomb" 250-552 CE Massive keyhole tombs Circle area + rectangular area Rectangular area = where rituals are carried Circle = where the tombs actually is Smaller keyholes surrounding the major one Still no textual evidence to tell us anything Haniwa Terra cotta figures/sculptures Not grave goods like the Chinese Ritual use Social organization Invasion of "horse-riders" from central Asia Separated from the Chinese Had weapons, military organization, power to mobilize slaves Two-tiered society Some people in charge Most people are slaves and obey the people that are in charge Ruler was buried with a lot of weapons And with a crown and a mirror on his face Mirror = authority Mirrors were given the ruler's people to show the authority he had over them Uji aka tribe
More Less

Related notes for RELG 253

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.