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Lecture 12

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McGill University
Religious Studies
RELG 253
Victor S?gen Hori

Introduction to Buddhism The Life of the Buddha Siddaharta Gautama Not much info on him The Buddha = Awakened one Sakyamuni = Sage of the Sakyas / The Silent one of the Sakya Sakyas tribe Northern India and Nepal 563-483 BCE The birth Lumbini Dream of the white elephant Queen Maya (his mother) She had a dream in which she was visited by a white elephant It moved around her bed 3 times, and then with his trunk touched her 3 times and she became pregnant The buddha was born from the right side of his mother At her own home, not her husband's She passed the flower garden of Lumbini on her way, she stopped and raised her right hand to touch a flower --> then the buddha was born Sage said the Buddha would be a world leader 32 cakravartin (signs of a religious world leader) Physical description Long earlobes Hair curls to the right Topknot (usnisa) Forehead mark (urna) Long white tongue that could touch his forehead Saliva that made all food delicious His father was worried Wanted his son to become a military leader Built him 3 palaces Pampered prince The Enlightenment Bodh Gaya As a teenager, he left the palace once Saw the real world Four sights A sick man An old man A dead man A sramana monk Withdrawn from society to devote his time to religious practice Live in volunteered pain First time he ca
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