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SOCI 222 (11)

jan 15.docx

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Sociology (Arts)
Course Code
SOCI 222
Donald Hinrichs

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There is a relationship between the development of  cities and industrialization Industrialization cannot live without urbanization (Cities)  Unites States: First census in the U.S.1790  5% of the pop was urban 95% lived in rural areas outside the city (farms)  Early cities were on the eastern seaboards (Florida, Virginia, New york)  Most of the early cities were established in breaks of transportation (boat docks then  train/wagon, horse takes over) Cottage industries. Work was being done where people lived (very few commuted to work) ▯ pre­ industrial cities  Industrial city (1860­1920) Industrial Rev: industry was established in cities and a with this revolution came drastic  change in farming technology (the mechanization of agriculture)  The surplus of 13 farming family could feed 1 family before industrial rev Farmers then migrate to the city to find work because less and less farms are needed thanks to  technology  After Industrial Revolution: Emphasis on trade to an emphasis on manufacturing (after indust rev)  Center of activity tended to move (from ports to other parts of the city) Differentiation of land use (areas for: commerce, living, manufacturing) Cities grew dramatically Emergence of the middle class, the white collar worker (those who work for other people)  Corporate city: Manufacturers moved to the suburbs  Decentralization of population (people also moved out) Decentralization of industry Constant changing of the role of the city  The shape of the city begins to change: Cities began to spread out into metropolitan area (the spreading of the city beyond its legal  boundaries) ▯  known as metropo
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