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Introduction: Views on Development

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Sociology (Arts)
SOCI 254
Uli Locher

Introduction: Views on Development Comparison of Two Earthquakes Haiti (Jan 10/10) Chile (Feb 27/10) Force 7.0 8.8 Fatalities 230 000 486 Government response Institutional collapse Rapid mobilization Demographic response 50% of inhabitants move elsewhere No migration reported - Chile has working instits/func state (emergency response) - Having func state = stability, emergency prep + prevention - Haiti = no effective building codes, poor for nat disaster resistance - Hotel Montana (symbol of wealth, build by rich for rich) collapsed in earthquake  No clear planning, wasn’t built properly - Haiti extracts resources + doesn’t give back services to ppl (predatory state) - Aftermath not result of Chile being richer + Haiti being poorer - Fr/state not being prepared/caring for total wellbeing of nat/land + of ppl Development as a vision, process, and program - Program - Conventional aid  Civilizing mission: developed areas of world should show poor areas how to become devel  Vast inequality of resources/knowl /tech  Tech transfer (N to S) leading to more devel (ex: more agricul)  Motives behind aid? (ex: poli/relig) - Political devel + aid (visionaries)  Bring message fr/outside to restructure (ex: Castro + socialism, Che + communism)  Christian missionaries (great empires spread ideologies w/gl/ambitions)  Great empires spreading ideologies - Military aid  Econ devel driving dictators away fr/nat, becoming allies of W  Wipe out opposition to allow for econ devel - Vision: not controversial: e/body accepts it  H: controversy = how vision will be implemented  Stay poli neutral + strive to make progress in satisfying human needs?  Econ growth at all costs?  Military? (first elim exploitative structures + conflicts) Human Needs Human Capacity Low level of material poverty Freedoms Low level of unemp Life sustenance Relative equality Dignity Democratization of poli life True national independence Human Development Index Good literacy + edu levels Equality for women, participation in soc + econ Sustainable ability to meet future needs Human security The Process: two views of social change Modernization World System Key Concepts Intellectual, political, economic, Division of labour, core, periphery, psychological, cultural hegemony Outlook Optimistic Pessimistic Key Players Individuals, institutions, states Empire, global actors, social classes The Program: deliberate efforts aimed at improvement Criteria
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