Class Notes (806,888)
Canada (492,503)
SOCI 254 (101)
Uli Locher (67)

Theories of Development

2 Pages
Unlock Document

McGill University
Sociology (Arts)
SOCI 254
Uli Locher

Theories of Development Modernization Theory - Evolutionary process (medicine, religion, agriculture, transportation) - Increasing division of labour = critical step in modernization - Increasingly rational exchanges b/w nats = critical (Max Weber) - Modz + econ growth s/how linked, multi-dimensional - Beg’g = pre-modern stage, traditional soc - End is more diff to def  is end right now? - If end was yesterday, what is happening now? Post-modern? Stagnation of mod state of things? Are we more modern than before? - Cyril Black’s Theory of Development: The Five Dimensions - 1) Intellectual: science applied e/day processes/increasing understanding + control of environ  Renaissance: time when this was happening in a dramatic way  Printing press: made knowl more accessible, spread modernization - 2) Political: centralization, democracy  Movement away fr/small tribal units into much larger units  Increasing centralization of state (states rely participation to pay taxes)  democracy  Consolidation in larger empires - 3) Economic: specialization, capitalism  Savings in a formal sense  Strong econ growth needs risk taking, investment  Early: people had savings in form of animals - 4) Social: urbanization, public health, cultural progress  Econ growth = specialisation = urbanz  If urban pop not involved agricul, involved in s/thing else  Allows cities to propagate more urban, modern lifestyle  Opportunities become more equal  Cities have many ethnic backgrounds, social circles for ppl to play off of  Books, radios, sports: radio allows ppl absorb modernization  Significant demographic change w/increasing public health - 5) Psychological: individualism, mobility aspiration  Instead of collective orientation of life, become more individual in interests (creative)  Less stability  more competition b/w individs  Process that’s simult creative + destructive of traditionalism  conflict = inevitable  Loss of identity  multiplicity - Great concern to identity when things are happening - Modern soc: nation-state, rational, sci-oriented, centrally gov, rich - Talking about mod W state  totally W centred approach - Main crit Black’s: modernization = westernization - Non-Communist Manifesto (Walt Rostow) - Very deterministic, 1 way modz can happen, very optimistic - Internat aid in Black’s scheme: used to make poor nats more W  For Rostow: emph is diff  on investment, aid transforms econs more than anything else  If can inject capital into key
More Less

Related notes for SOCI 254

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.