Class Notes (808,754)
Canada (493,378)
SOCI 254 (101)
Lecture 1

SOCI 254 Lecture 1: 1-10-2017 What is Development

4 Pages
Unlock Document

McGill University
Sociology (Arts)
SOCI 254
Amm Quamruzzaman

What is Development-SOCI 254-1/10/2017 What is Development Definitions -More than just social change, because social change is a natural process while development requires effort -Usually relates to economics -Has to do with an end goal and thus becomes a project of betterment -Development is like a guiding star for policymaking but more like a shooting star -Losing its energy over time as a project Development Paradoxes -McMichael says today’s project is about how we survive the future vs how to improve the past -Requires strategic endeavor to reverse our ecological footprint because we have overshot the earth’s bio capacity -We are overshooting how much the earth can support -As populations grow and consumption increases we must measure nature’s capacity -We are probably consuming and wasting more than we need, which hurts everybody -We have crossed 3/9 designated planetary operational boundaries -For example, we need more than the Earth can provide if things continue at this rate -Climate change, biodiversity, and the nitrogen cycle have crossed -Freshwater use and oceanic acidification are close to tipping points -Environment’s paradox: We are doing better as a society while the Earth is doing worse and worse -Last century has created hugely negative effects -Other development paradoxes related to this include -The costs of environmental issues are borne disproportionately by the poor -The cost of climate change adaptation would be greater if we wait for higher wealth to solve it Impossibility Theorem -Universalization of high mass consumption economy will require several planet Earths which is improbable -Environment cannot absorb unrelenting exploitation and development as we know it is destroying itself -Are local low-Carbon cultures that live with nature backward? -Are non-Western cultures judged poor in what makes Western cultures rich? Development Through Phases Colonial -1492-1940 starting with Columbus -The first phase of development -Supported through colonial powers who were greedy and self-centered -Created a system of dependency -Civilized/uncivilized designations were big Development Project -1940-1980 -Attending decolonization of former colonies -Development was internationally orchestrated program of nationally situated economic growth across the Cold War divide -Where terms like first and third world came from Globalization Project -1980-now -Neoliberal economic policy spreading worldwide, nationalglobal -Makes states servants of markets Colonial Origins -Development had its origins in the European colonial project which was based on slavery for industrial purposes -While global in origin, the concept focused on European success and accomplishment -Equated development with industrialization and urbanization -Clas
More Less

Related notes for SOCI 254

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.