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Lecture 3

265 - Week 11 – Lecture 3 – USA and China .docx

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McGill University
Sociology (Arts)
SOCI 265
John Anthony Hall

Week 11 – Lecture 3 – 15/11/2013 Sociology 265 – War, States and Social Change USAand China 6-9pm – December 17 – 12 questions, answer any 4  final will be cumulative USAHegemony - Achtenberry = USAis becoming a more open space for everyone with regards to it’s policy = Washington and diplomats are able to influence foreign policy ▯ US becoming a hegemon that takes upon everyone’s interests - Other article = US is becoming a hard-headed hegemon that is alienating the Europeans esp. = unilateral in its policy esp. foreign policy, it’s come off the gold standard, invasion of Iraq (actions have been taken without consultation with everyone) o Unilateral action of the US is alienating everyone… = Did the USAat any point fulfil the role of the hegemon?  Britain was not really at any point in spite of talk of the pax Britannica  did the USA? – what defines a hegemon?: provides global military security (military deterrence – provides military services for the capitalist world), common currency (enables international trade and dependence that comes with international trade), free trade expansion (open sphere trade for everyone else…), provides capital for development as well as a market for the developing world (absorbs the production of the world) - post-WW2 Europe and Asia = Marshall Plan and Truman Doctrine ensured the provision of money for Europe and also some to Japan for state-building, Breton Woods system – institutions which permit international trade and capital control (gold standard, IMF, WB – undertakes development projects also), whilst military services in Berlin and Western Europe to protect them from Communism o elements of international order spearheaded by the USAdo suggest that it was a hegemon - BUT = failure to ensure an ITO was not passed completely as there is still inability to ensure massive free trade (in the capitalist world there is a generally free market with trade) = is the US still a hegemon today? Is it still acting in the same way?  now, there are other poles of power = e.g. EU with the Euro ensured greater economic sovereignty whilst China is rising that redirects trade flow  economically, there are undoubtedly challengers  main problem? Dysfunctional Washington system gives the appearance of a weaker USA= economically and militarily there aren’t really too many competitors though…  relations with Europe aren’t as good as they used to be e.g. invasion of Iraq  what happened to the dollar as the common currency? – it was taken off the gold standard unilaterally alienated a large proportion of international opinion  invasion of Iraq has also occurred = taking military action that other nations did not just not take part but actively and publically opposedALSO hegemon is power that deters the use of force = when a he
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