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Sociology (Arts)
SOCI 386
Marcos Ancelovici

Feb 4 th SMs and Democracy - Lack of access to institutional politics fosters the emergence of SMs- lack of access to state resources can be considered by the abscence of democracy - SMs generally demand more democracy as well as a particular form of democracy (expanding who is involved in democracy) - Specific type of democracy demanded is usually direct democracy- they criticize bureaucratic organizations and emphasize grassroots democracy - However, direct democracy has been criticized as having no mechanisms to guard against the tyranny of the majority and being vilnerable to manipulation by charismatic leaders - Representative democracy is based on delegation- Rousseau criticizes it by saying that people are in chains when their government is in term and can only voice dissent at elections - Democracy as empowerment Inglehart- NSMT- new movements are about postmaterialism and want democracy and quality of movement SMs affect both the quantity and quality of democracy - Participatory budgeting- invented by worker’s party in Brazil, where local residents participate in budget process and are involved in determining how some money is spent - Negative/anti-democratic movements are not really studied until 1980s - Interaction between movement and counter-movement (i.e. pro-choice vs pro-life) Democracy Inside SMs - Some SMs may promote democracy/democratic ideals outside their group, but may do so with a high level of authoritarianism (i.e. Lenin’s Soviet Union) Direct democracy= no mediator between decision maker and individual Participatory democracy= mediating process can occur, does have a sense of hierarchy which could be dangerous because it involves one person with asymmetric information Horizontal, decentralized, local autonomy and decision-making, deliberation (debate, don’t just vote oncce and its ok), so that ideally you have a consensus (even if you disagree, you are willing to go along with decision because you’ve had a say) Also have rotation- not always the same people doing the same thing to reduce elite formation It is expressive organization Prefigurative- means are the end- the way you organize and go through the procedure determines the outcomes of your movement 3 deliberative styles (ways of managing debate): 1) Religious fellowship - There is a clear leader in the group with moral authority who the group defers to from a sense of tradition 2) Tutelage - Like a conference, where there is someone in power who guides you through steps but there is discussion- power relations still exist because an organizer sets the agenda 3) Fri
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