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Sociology (Arts)
SOCI 386
Marcos Ancelovici

Feb 11 th Movement Outcomes Student Strike - How do we isolate outcomes? If there hadn’t been an election, Liberals might still be in power - Student strike ended because of Bill 12/78 which restricted civil liberties- fine of $35000/day for organizing (also ended due to election) - Time frame is critical here- student strike was just one tactic, a campaign within a wider social movement - Movement is less unified now - Impact of student strike still being felt (summit on education) Movement “Success” - Difficult to define and depends on who you talk to, because different people will have different goals - Impact on economy was an unintended effect Was it Worth the Effort? (Giguini) - What counts as success? Could be acceptance/legitimacy of movement- is movement respected by state? Success in influencing public discourse, success in getting media coverage, concrete benefits for constituents of movement - Movements are more influential in the early stage of the policy process (determining agenda) Factors Affecting Likelihood of Success (Gamson) 1) Single issue demands 2) Selective incentives to sustain mobilization 3) Use of violence/disruptive tactics 4) Political opportunity structure 5) Organization- bureaucratization, centralization and nonfactionalism Poor People’s Movements (Piren/Cloward) - Thought movements needed to be non-bureaucratic and disruptive Problems with Concept of “Success” - Assumption of a clear movement goal, but movements are not homogeneous- there are often multiple goals that evolve over the course of movement operations - Multiple criteria (success in reaching goals, success in tactics, success in democratic process) - Who decides movement success? Intellectuals, people in the movement, or the media? - Idea of success overstresses intention and foresight of participants- in a cycle of protest, the movement is a dynamic process- impossible for actors to predict outcomes - Movement success as a political issue It is better to think about outcomes and consequences vs success Giugni stresses that there are multiple outcomes which may present themselves immediately or much later (i.e. electoral outcome, then education summit) Movements produce social capital Biographical outcomes- the way you experienced protest (collective effervescence, sense of dignity) Freedom Summer (1963) - McA
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