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Sociology (Arts)
SOCI 507
Melanie Dirks

Aspects of socialization: Primary socialization: Rene Spitz study: -did a study in an orphanage -children have minimum human contact -results during primary socializationthey don’t rely on others, they become distant and remote and non-communicative -has physical consequences -the link b/w mind and body is a fact-ex. if people who are sick believe that they are going to get better, very often they do get better -reason why faith healing works -more infection, higher death rates, slower maturation, possibility of impaired sexual functioning upon maturity -have profound effect on intimate human contact later in life -primary socialization begins at birth by parents who pass on cultural knowledge -siblings can also play a part -Spitz-primary socialization important for emotional adjustment later in life -if child is socially handicapped, there is usually violence at home -therefore, they tend to use violence in adulthood as a response to violence during socialization -children who are praised, encouraged, and complimented are more likely to be adjusted than those who are put downdestroys self esteem -educational theorists say you should give students an A or they will lose self-esteemself-esteem movement -should not insulate children from failure b/c it is a fact of life -when does primary socialization end? -parental influence begins to decrease once children enter school (but still continues to a lesser extent) History: -children were expected to conform to adult norms -child labour-work at 5, full time by 10, marriage by 16 -childhood is a new
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