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Lecture 24

SOCI 230 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Medical Evacuation, Urinary Tract Infection, Indian Act


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI 230
Professor
Zoua Vang
Lecture
24

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Lecture #24
Education and Earning:
Benefits
oLifetime earning of Aboriginal female with university degree: $1 million
oTrade cert/college degree leads to equivalent earnings between Aboriginals and
non-Aboriginals
Costs
oAboriginal male who drops out of school gives up over $0.5 million
oAboriginal female who drops out of school earns <$90k
Education is an important equalizer for socio-economic power between Aboriginal and
non-Aboriginal people
Graph
Red bars: proportion who do not have a degree of any kind
oBetween Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal: more than double the Aboriginal people
do not have a degree
oGreatest disparity between Inuit and the other groups
Yellow bars: similar numbers throughout, still lower for Inuit
Brown bars: the gap is much smaller but still a significant gap between Aboriginal vs.
Non-Aboriginal
Graph
More non-Aboriginal people are likely to have a degree versus the Aboriginal people
Two year trade certificate: tend to earn on par with each other between the Aboriginal and
non-Aboriginal people
Four year college degree: much greater disparities between the Aboriginal and non-
Aboriginal people
oHighest potential earning category
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oHuge gaps between the two people
oEmployers value 4 year versus 2 year, translates into different income, health etc.
Graph
Grey bars: everyone who is fully employed
oTotal employment regardless of educational background
oGap but not that big of a gap
For every group, the gradient holds true: the higher the education the better jobs and
likeliness of being hired is raised
When compared the least educated non-Aboriginal to the least educated Aboriginal: non-
Aboriginal people do much better even with no education
Most educated: doing on par with Metis, Inuit and First Nations: education is a strong
leveler between people
Least educated has the disparities
Summary
Some improvements in educational attainment, especially high school and post-secondary
Educational attainment improves economic position within society, not only earning
power, but employment rates as well
BUT
Much of the gains in post-secondary educational attainment < university degree/BA
Subgroup variation in educational attainment:
oMetis > First Nations > Inuit
Health Differences
Graph One
Good/excellent health
oCanadian Community health survey
Don’t have a lot of health status of on reserve First Nations because there is not much
data
Living on reserve: health tends to be much worse than off reserve
Graph Two
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