SOCI 250 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Old Age, Visible Minority, Structural Inequality

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Roughly 1 in 3 canadians earn less than 30k a yr. Right: poverty = ppl lazy, not ambitious or talented. Poverty has underlying problems - systematic inequality. Related to other factors e. g discrimination, structural inequality, blocked opportunities. Winners get more opportunities, losers - less. Can quantify gain/loss in job based on attractiveness. Absolute poverty: not enough basic needs for physical survival - food, shelter and access to essential health care. Relative poverty: can survive, but living standards below the general living standards of society or social group to which they belong. Ppl say it"s only found in poor developed countries. De nition of poverty varies by society, w/in societies and over time. Relative: size of family and size of community (indicates cost of living bc context, based on avg % of income spent on necessities (e. g food, housing, clothing) Canadian family spends 35% of pre-tax income on necessities.

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