SOCI 254 Lecture Notes - Walt Whitman Rostow, Individualism

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28 Oct 2012
Course
Professor
Theories of Development
Sept.20.12
Modernization
- Process is evident everywhere
- Increasingly rational interactions between humans
- Multidimensional
- Need to pinpoint the beginning and end of the process of modernization
- Loss of identity
- Modernization = westernization (one of the main critiques)
Cyril Blacks’ theory of development:
Dimension
Elements
1
Intellectual
Science applied
2
Political
Centralization, democracy
3
Economic
Specialization, capitalism
4
Social
Urbanization, public
health, cultural progress
5
Psychological
Individualism, mobility,
aspiration
Cyril Black
Walt Rostow
Stage 1
Isolated traditional society
Traditional society
Stage 2
Challenge of modernity
Preconditions to takeoff
Stage 3
Consolidation of
modernizing leadership
Takeoff
Stage 4
Economic and social
transformation
Drive to maturity
Stage 5
Integration of society
Age of high mass
consumption
Differences between dependency and world system theories:
Dependency
World systems
Key emphasis
Relations between units
Operation of the system
Time frame
Medium to short
Very long
Key actors
Elites in nations
Anonymous, international
entities
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