SOCI 254 Lecture Notes - Mother Teresa, Millennium Development Goals, Civilizing Mission

38 views4 pages
28 Oct 2012
Course
Professor
Soci 254
Sept.6.12
Intro views of development
Comparison of 2 earthquakes:
Haiti
Chile
Date
Jan.10.10
Feb.27.10
Force
7.0
8.8
Fatalities
230,000
486
Government response
Institutional collapse
Rapid mobilization
Demographic
response
50% of inhabitants
move elsewhere
No migration reported
- Chile has working institutions/functional state (emergency response)
- Having a functional state = stability, emergency prep and prevention
- Haiti has no effective building codes, poor for natural disaster
resistance
- Hotel Montana (symbol of wealth, built by the rich for the rich) Port-
au-Prince collapsed in the earthquake… no clear planning, wasn’t built
properly
- Haiti extracts resources and does not give back services to the people
(predatory state)
- Aftermath was not a result of Chile being richer and Haiti being poorer,
it was from the state not being prepared/caring for the total wellbeing of
the country/land and its people
Development as vision, process, and program:
1. As a program conventional aid
- Civilizing mission
- Vast inequality of resources/knowledge
- Technology transfer (north to south) leading to more development (i.e.
more agriculture)
- Motives behind aid? (i.e. political/religious)
2. As a program political development and aid (visionaries)
- Bring a message from the outside to restructure (i.e. Castro and
socialism, Che and communism)
- Christian missionaries
- Great empires spreading ideologies
3. As a program military aid
- Economic development driving dictators away
- Becoming allies of the West
- Wipe out opposition to allow for economic development
The Vision:
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