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Lecture 8

SWRK 220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: World Health Organization, Invisible Disability, Ableism

Social Work
Course Code
SWRK 220
Nicole Ives

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Friday, October 30: Social work with persons with disabilities
Guest Lecturer: Aline Bogossian, PhD candidate
5th year doctoral student
msw and msw at McGill
center from research in families
working with disabilities
how it has been understood over time
Common myths and stereotypes
feeling inferior and society looks down upon them
disability puts negative connotation even by the term put the dis in brackets.
environment adapted to ability - the stairs are the handicap not the person
disabled people are isolated - considered “not cool”
assuming categorizing disability. someone in a wheelchair has disability. “invisible
disability” learning disabilities, cognitive
faking it
not viewed as ppl
lower intelligence
no contribution
faking it
can't keep up
socially excluded
not worth f human light
to be feared
varied in degrees
can’t self - realize
difficulty in forming relationships
parents fault
using the system - welfare system
How do these views affect the way pplp with disabilities are regarded and treated by their
families, by their communities in public policy and law?
Influences parenting
Ashamed of disability and try to cover up
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Public policy and law
trouble accessing resources
Underlying reasons for those views
history already put them down - put them in asylums - history shows this
thinking everyone has to be productive - disabled ppl are seen as a burden
Theories models and definitions of disability
medical model (the way body is - you are considered disabled if different, condition that
can be diagnosed and treated, person at the center of model 0 being served by dif
professionals person is a passive agent )
social model (environment makes up their disability, physical structures, homes, exterior
views of individual, social modelists talk abiout the society is the center of the disability,
the society affects environment, which affect person with disability, cultures, views,
attitudes, the way we normalize things creates disabilities )
moral model (disability is sin of person or family, weakness of character )
Strengths of medical model
Categorized and labels
diagnosis gives access to services
medial model could be missing main diseases, if you categorize and label ppl, they miss
rare diseases and disabilities.
gatekeeping functions of medical professionals
medically establised criteria must be met
goals of cure or normality
medical prof at the center of welfare system
Weaknesses of social model
time consuming - takes time
it assumes that there is a problem but there might not be.
social model focuses on ways of being inclusive
believes society needs to change
ignores the psycho emotional dimension of disability
normal is the standard. discrimination- oppl with physical and mental ability belief that people
with no disabilities are superior
Stigma effects
creates fear
environments of blame
benevolent authoritarianism (babies)
Self stigma (there’s something wrong with me, i am different)
label avoidance ( not talk about it and not seek services)
solutions to stigma of disability
public education
Stigma can be awkward - but we must go around this problem
Ads to stimulate communication
dialogue is healthy and productive
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