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Lecture

1AA3 Day 11.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTHROP 1AA3
Professor
Sandra Preston
Semester
Winter

Description
Anthropology 1AA3 Gracile and Robust Autralopithecines Gracile: - A. afarenis - A. africanus Robust: - A. boisei - A. robustus - A. aethiopicus (sometimes called P. aethiopicus) Origins and Evolution of Genus Homo Txt. Pp. 234 – 247 (up to archaeology and Subsistence Agriculture) - Homo habilis o ‘handy man’ o 2.5 – 1.8 mya o Rel. larger brain  Start of the increased cranial capacity trend o Evidence of stone tools  Oldowan  Choopers/cores  Flakes o Still only found in Africa - Homo erectus o First fossil specimens seen outside of Africa o 1.8-0.4 mya o Larger body size o Less sexual dimorphism o Wide array of tools o Bigger brains o Homo erectus sites are also in Europe, southeast Asia and Indonesia  Shows the movement of human groups outside of Africa o First intentional use of fire  780 000 – 400 000 ya  Zhoukoudian (China, cave sites)  Evidence of controlled fire  Cooking their food, evidence of burned animal bones and seeds - Homo eragaster - Homo sapiens o Origins and Dispersal of Anatomically Mode
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