Class Notes (839,353)
Canada (511,293)
Anthropology (1,942)
ANTHROP 1AA3 (1,027)

What is Anthropology-January 10.docx

3 Pages

Course Code
Tracy Prowse

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
What is Anthropology? Continued January 10, 2013 Osteology Osteo=bone; ology=study of -study of the structure and function of the human skeleton -foundational; understanding this provides us with a basis of understanding the fossil records, looking skeletons of the past, way our bodies adapt (apply to present) -central to physical anthropology Important for understanding: -changes in fossils -how we lived in the past -adaptations in living populations Example-How do we know if an organism is bipedal (walks on two feet)? -unique characteristics of humans is that we walk bipedally Human vs. Great Ape -hole at the bottom of our skulls foramen magnumwhere the spinal column enters -in humans this whole is directly under the skull -in great apes situated more to the back -humans have a spinal column that is double ‘s’ -shape of pelvis in the human vs. great ape  humans have an open basin like pelvis vs. great apes they have narrow tall pelvises -leg structure also differs humans are a little bit knock kneed vs. great apes whose legs go straight down If looking for evidence of early humans -can actually look at the structure of the fossil and imply function Paleoanthropology Note: paleontology fossil animals and plants -people that study human fossils are paleoanthropologists -when and where do we see the first evidence for humans? -what are human characteristics?  what makes a specific fossil human Primatology Jane Goodall Primatologist, very famous, 1960s went and spent time observing chimps in the wild, she was very famous for identifying the use of tools in chimps, dispelled the myth of easy-going primates. -study of nonhuman primates -social behaviour, communication, infant care, reproduction (looking at living primates) -understand natural forces that have shaped human evolution and aspects of human behaviour (=context) because their natural living situation was likely comparable to where we evolved Human Biology -don’t just focus on skeletal remains -also look at living populations; differences, variations -human growth and development -adaptation to environmental extremes (high altitude, extreme heat vs. cold) -African woman image: tall and lean; more sun exposure dissipate heat -Inuit woman image: shorter, stalkier retain heat better -possibly adaptation that has developed over time Forensic Anthropology -application of anthropology and the law -not archeological, likely modern -someone who looks at human remains where decomposition has occurred to the point where decomposition occurs until there is no
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.