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Anthro 1AA3 NOTES.docx

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What Is Anthro 972012 83100 AM TA Madelenie Mant mantmlmcmastercaBecky Gilmour gilmourjmcmasterca Katherine Bishop bishopkgmcmastercaMyriam Nafte naftemmcmastercaPeer Scholar Inquiries Lori DOrtenzio dortenlmcmastercaPages 112AnthroposhumankindLogiathe study ofThe systematic study of humankindHISTORICALLooking back at our history evolution how did we become who we are What forces in the past have shaped us environmental changeCOMPARATIVEWe are all the same species but we are very diverse More then superficiallyWhat makes the human race similar and different from other primates WHY Anthropology looks for the answer to whyCONTEXTUALWhat circumstances environments and beliefs shape human behaviour and understandingHOLISTICBoth biologically and culturally how can we understand humansBiology and culture impact each other Humans are very influenced by culture not most primates are The Four Subfields of Anthropology PHYSICAL ANTHRO ARCHAEOLOGY LINGUISTIC ANTHRO CULTURAL ANTHROETHNOLOGYMost anthropologist are not experts in all subfieldsMany research crosses between the four interdisciplinaryAnthropology investigates the diversity of humans in ALL contextsHumans are both cultural and biological beings Cultural AnthropologyThe study of contemporary cultures and societiesCulture is defined as transmitted learned behaviourChimpanzees were recorded to be teaching their offspring how to dig drink etc Before this no primates were noted to have culture except humans Methodologyparticipant observation p7Cultural anthros used to just sit back and observe but by sitting and watching you are immersed and a part of itEthnographya description of an aspect of culture within a societyArchaeologyThe study of past societies and their cultures by using their material remains tools ceramics sitesLinguistic AnthropologyStudies the construction and use of different languages in human societiesWhat are the different factors that are influencing the language dialect to changeStructural linguisticshow language works How are they similardifferent What happens in our brains when we are processing language How do babies acquire languages in different cultural groupsSociolinguisticsthe relationship between language and social behaviour in different cultures Even in the same country you are speaking the same language but with different variations Why does that happenHistorical linguisticshow are languages related to each other How have they changed over timePhysical AnthropologyStudies all aspects of the biology and behaviour of the human species and our closest relatives past and presentSome subfields of anthropology Osteology study of the human skeletoncentral to physical anthropologystructure and function of the skeletonimportant for understanding changes in fossil material and adaptations in living populationspaleoanthropologyevolution of humans in deep evolutionary paststudy of the human fossil recordwhat does it mean to be human How do we distinguish humans in the archaeological record More subfields of physical anthropologyprimatology jane goodall chimps study of nonhuman primates social behavior communication infant care reproductionunderstand natural forces that have shaped human evolution and aspects of human behaviour human biologyhuman growth and developmentadaptation to environmental extremes extreme climate conditionshuman variation in modern populations howwhy does variation arize Body size shape forensic anthropology
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