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Lecture 6

Lecture 6.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTHROP 1AA3
Professor
Bryan Cummins

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Anthropology 1A03 October 19 , 2011 Kinship and Descent  Kinship and descent underlie all social economic and political relationships in small-scale societies.  Kinship: Social relationships, that link people along through, genealogical lines, these lines connect people backward through the ancestors, forward through peoples descendants  All societies recognize relationships, between parents and their children  Kin relationships, are also called “Consanguineal” -> this means Con (to join) Sang (Blood)  In a general sense, kinship studies in anthropology are concerned with the relationships that people have through consanguinity, through marriage ties as well. The relationships we have through marriage are called “affinal” means in laws.  Descent refers to the principles, cultural patterning that seeks senses of this mess of relationships that we have through biology, through blood relationships and as well as through our in-laws  Different societies organize relationships in different ways: Unilineal-> Uni means One, two types: Matrilineal (does not equate to matriarchy) descent is traced through the female line; I.e. Iroquois are matrilineal and matrilocal. Refer To Diagram of Descent through Matrilineal (Daniel) and Patrilineal and Ambilineal, Double descent, Bilateral Rules in Matrilineal Descent Mapping: Who is recognized as kin  Person who’s kinship we are diagraming is always called the “Ego” -> Identify them by shading them in  In Matrilineal Ego’s mother’s siblings, regardless of gender, even if the female is adopted, you still include it.  You must include Egos mother’s mother, Ego mothers mother’s sibling- regardless of gender  Egos brother is married? Do nothing  Egos sister is married and has a boy? That means this child is recognized as kin because it is through the female line  Ego’s mother’s sister’s children-> regardless of gender  Ego’s mothers, sister’s daughters daughter  In any kinship diagram you always include “Egos” siblings- always recognized as kin  Look for the women folk and their children KEY Rules in Patrilineal Decent Mapping  Ego’s siblings regardless of gender  Ego’s fathers, egos father sibling regardless of gender  Ego’s father’s father and siblings  Ego’s brother’s children  Ego’s father’s brother’s daughter  Ego fathers sons daughter  Children through the male line Double Descent  In double descent systems; People trace descent matriliniealial, and patrilineal for other purposes Ambilineal  Among some Kwakiutl, Ambilineality is the norm  Ambidextrous  That a person they identify with either the male or female side, and this identification or affiliation with one or the other is reinforced through the residents  If your living with your maternal side, you would be identified matrilineal
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