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Lecture 7

Anthro lecture 7

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTHROP 1AA3
Professor
Stephanie Ross
Semester
Fall

Description
Thursday November 21, 2013. Anthropology Ten Key Questions for Physical Anthropologists #1­ Is it Bone? • Difficult when dealing with older bones • Bones dating thousands of years ago look like rock • Are porous  ▯allows for blood vessels and capillaries to get through the bone #2 ▯  Is it Human • Police officers generally are asked this question • When dealing with species that are similar to humans, you don’t want to get  mixed up • Analyze the epiphyses  ▯long ends of bone (arm, femur, tibia, fibia) • Human aphesis tend to fuse together later in life, while animals fuse earlier #3 ▯ Is the Bone sample Modern or Archaeological? • Context (what is the body associated with?) • Date the body with the artifacts that surround the body • Radiocarbon dating (carbon 14 dating) can date a fragment of bone, charcoal,  animal bones etc.  ▯results in a date range (between 1940 and 1980) • Analyze wear patterns on bones  ▯can get wearing down on bones by climate  changes, freezing of ground layer (crack in bone) #4  ▯What bones (and teeth) is present? • Bodies are often sealed • Recent bodies usually all bones are present • Archeological bodies are difficult to put the whole body together • MNI ­­> Minimum Number of Individuals and/or Minimum Number of Features • If there’s more than one individual in a certain setting #5  ▯How many individuals present • Ossuary: way of burial where multiple people are buried together • Ex. The Iroquois of Ontario: feast of the dead  ▯when someone dies you bury 
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