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ANTHROP 1AB3 (351)

Identity and forensic identification.docx

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Antonio Sorge

Identity and forensic identification Dignity and respect  Why study the dead?  Learn form the dead to protect the living  Dignity of the dead  Feelings of the living  Prosecute responsible parties  Sudden death, or missing family member- bewildering, devastating experience Forensic sciene  Forensic: relating to or used in courts of law  Forensic science: the application of scientific techniques to the discovery, collection, analysis and presentation of evidence in a court of law Forensic anthropologists  Death investigation team; - coroner/medical examiner, police, experts and lab techicians  Assist police/coroner to: locate map and revover him remains  Analyze human remains present results in court Forensic anthropology  Field to lad to court  Reconnaissance  Search design  Search  Recovery  Documentation  Analysis  Expert witness testimony The biological profile  Analysis of human skeletal remains to determine the individuals physical attributes and condition  Used in: bioarcheolgy and demography and forensic anthro  Forensic significance- are theses remains part of a crime?  Life/death/crime reconstruction  Identification- comparison of remains to missing person list  Inventory  Mini- minimum number of individuals  Sex  Age at death  Ancestry  Stature  Trauma  Pathology  Taphonomy- effect of environment in individual  Modifications- deliberate changes to body  Time since death MNI  MNI- minimum number of individuals  multiple burials, plane crashes, mass graves  Many methods- pick one unpaired element e.g skull, right fumur Sex determination  Metric: based on measurements of size - Formulae for almost every element - Males greater than females for size - Ancestry dependent  Non metric: differences in shape that occur at puberty - Pelvis - Adults verus children Age estimation  Age at death  Always expressed as an age range  Children: - Based on well-known developmental marker: teeth, long bone fusion - Reasonably accurate and precise  Adults: - Based on degenerative changes - Joints, dental wear, histology - Not as accurate as in children Stature  Meausrements of long boes  Femur, ribia, fibula- most reliable  Vertebrae  Upper limb  Equations - Ancestry specific Trauma  Type- blunt, sharp, projectile, fracture  Timing - Antemortem- before death - Perimortem- around the time of death - Postmortem- after death Pathology  Presence of disease  Etiology- how the disease was caused and progressed  Metabolic, nutritional, infectious disease, inflammation, autoimmune, neoplasis  Bone responds by: - Restoration or addition or both - Diff
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