Class Notes (834,037)
Canada (508,290)
Anthropology (1,913)
ANTHROP 1AB3 (351)
Lecture

Identity and forensic identification.docx

5 Pages
70 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTHROP 1AB3
Professor
Antonio Sorge
Semester
Winter

Description
Identity and forensic identification Dignity and respect  Why study the dead?  Learn form the dead to protect the living  Dignity of the dead  Feelings of the living  Prosecute responsible parties  Sudden death, or missing family member- bewildering, devastating experience Forensic sciene  Forensic: relating to or used in courts of law  Forensic science: the application of scientific techniques to the discovery, collection, analysis and presentation of evidence in a court of law Forensic anthropologists  Death investigation team; - coroner/medical examiner, police, experts and lab techicians  Assist police/coroner to: locate map and revover him remains  Analyze human remains present results in court Forensic anthropology  Field to lad to court  Reconnaissance  Search design  Search  Recovery  Documentation  Analysis  Expert witness testimony The biological profile  Analysis of human skeletal remains to determine the individuals physical attributes and condition  Used in: bioarcheolgy and demography and forensic anthro  Forensic significance- are theses remains part of a crime?  Life/death/crime reconstruction  Identification- comparison of remains to missing person list  Inventory  Mini- minimum number of individuals  Sex  Age at death  Ancestry  Stature  Trauma  Pathology  Taphonomy- effect of environment in individual  Modifications- deliberate changes to body  Time since death MNI  MNI- minimum number of individuals  multiple burials, plane crashes, mass graves  Many methods- pick one unpaired element e.g skull, right fumur Sex determination  Metric: based on measurements of size - Formulae for almost every element - Males greater than females for size - Ancestry dependent  Non metric: differences in shape that occur at puberty - Pelvis - Adults verus children Age estimation  Age at death  Always expressed as an age range  Children: - Based on well-known developmental marker: teeth, long bone fusion - Reasonably accurate and precise  Adults: - Based on degenerative changes - Joints, dental wear, histology - Not as accurate as in children Stature  Meausrements of long boes  Femur, ribia, fibula- most reliable  Vertebrae  Upper limb  Equations - Ancestry specific Trauma  Type- blunt, sharp, projectile, fracture  Timing - Antemortem- before death - Perimortem- around the time of death - Postmortem- after death Pathology  Presence of disease  Etiology- how the disease was caused and progressed  Metabolic, nutritional, infectious disease, inflammation, autoimmune, neoplasis  Bone responds by: - Restoration or addition or both - Diff
More Less

Related notes for ANTHROP 1AB3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit