Class Notes (835,309)
Canada (509,088)
Anthropology (1,915)
Lecture 13

Lecture 13 Malinowski & History of Anthropology.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Antonio Sorge

Anthropology 2R03: Religion, Magic and Witchcraft February 4 2013 Lecture 13: Bronislaw Malinowski History of Anthropology - One of the most important figures in reference to magic and its use in primitive socs - Anthro as a modern discipline finds it’s origins in the consideration of various modes of thought - Early writing on belief systems laid the grounds for anthro - Malinowski: Magic, Science and Religion published in 1948 - Magic, science and religions were diagnosed by o E.B. Tylor and James Frazer  Originally in a way that would be later seen as misguided!  Classic armchair anthropologists  Victorian era anthros – never went anywhere, never did any research  Victorian intellectuals  Born aristocrats – very securely placed in their soc o Lived at the height of british expansion  Malinowski’s immediate intellectual predecessors  The only thing they have in common with Malinowski is that they use the same categories  Excited by missionaries/traveller’s accounts of strange customs  Try to figure out human evolution from cavemen  Brits  Story of progress  Malinowski  Polish migrant  Eccentric outsider  Came to England at turn of the 20 C  Flamboyant, considered vain  Well established in the upper classes of Poland, but Poland wasn’t super prestigious back then o Came to England – regarded as a lowly wannabe who came to England cause he admired the English so much o Whole career spent trying to convince the English he was worthy of their respect  How did he come to anthro? o phD in math and physics in Krakow o Became interested in Anthro when he got sick and his mom bought him Frazer’s multi volume collection – the golden bough  Mythologies and stories brought to Frazer by missionaries etc. o Malinoski thought more interesting than math or physics  Studied anthro o Developed the idea that anthro should live among the people that they research  Revolutionary idea at the time  Fieldwork  Tylor  Tried to put magic, science and religion in developmental themes o Magic before religion, religion before science etc.  Study of human culture as a branch of natural science o Therefore, conceived of social evolution as a deterministic and naturalistic process  Happens spontaneously within cultures  Naturalistic  Happens according to a set of rules  Deterministic  Every race (culture) on earth will progress thru the stages of dev o Sometimes they get frozen in time though  Stuck at barbarism etc. without evolving o Should all go thru the stages and reach the stage of human enlightenment that the brits have reached  Inferior races had to be helped along the path of social development o Do them a favour and colonize them o At the same time, did not believe they were intellectually inferior, only inferior in their social organization  Culturally stunted. Stopped evolving  Evolution of mankind, reflected in the history of human development o Cognitively stunted people, but have the potential. Not stupid  Super racist sounding now, but less racist than others at the time o Believed you could take an African child and raise him in England and he would grow up to be an Englishmen, with no difference. Others would disagree  Categorized magic, science and religion within this framework o Magic first o Religion later, barbarism o Science – of civilized socs  Handout o Tylor’s defs of Magic, Science and Religion o Magic  Illusion of control only  Doesn’t work o Religion  Provides a framework for understanding the world  Is the illusion of intelligibility (explanation of how the universe works)  Fanciful ideas o Science  Works  Real intelligibility and control  No illusions  Science is cognitively powerful  Relig and magic are not o Explanation for why religion and science together in England  Religion as a holdover from a barbaric age  Survival - Malinowski o Tylor was wrong o Polish Anthro and major theoretician of magic and myth o Functionalist See Handout  Believed that certain types of beh were adaptive to the individual based on psych or organic needs of the individ  Why do certain behs exists in soc? To fulfill psych or bio needs o Believed it was wrong to suggest that “primitive” people incapable of rational thought  Asks 2 qs  Rational or mystical? o “First, has the savage any rational outlook, any rational mastery of his surroundings, or is he, as M. Levy-Bruhl and his school maintain, entirely
More Less

Related notes for ANTHROP 2R03

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.