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Lecture

The Early Classic Period

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTHROP 2VV3
Professor
Laura Finsten
Semester
Fall

Description
The Early Classic Period The Expansion of States IntroductionLowlandssystem of independent states ruled by dynasties of divine kingsEarly Classicexpansion of states throughout the lowlandsFirst states appeared during the Late Preclassic period example El Mirador Lowlandsnever unified under a single king or emperorAt any given time were numerous different Maya kings Divine Kings and Royal HousesKingkuhul ajawtranslates to divine lord of holy lordMost powerful member of the eliteElevated social status prestigeHeads of administrative hierarchyEconomic powerright to collect tribute a form of taxation in goods corvee labour labour tax control over commodities Religioussupernatural sanction of powerLinks to illustrious ancestral king in most cases mythicalMaintained political stability by controlling royal successionPossessed coercive powerthe authority to use force to get compliance o Had a monopoly on coercive forceConstrained by moral authorityRoots of most of these features developed in the Preclassic period Beginning of Classic periodemergence of 12 new states in the lowlandsBoundaries between them maintained territorial boundariesVariation in size and power of states and their capitalsCapitals defined by royal palacesOther public
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