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Lecture 11

ANTHROP 1AA3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Pansexuality, Hermaphrodite, Secondary Sex Characteristic

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Andrew Wade

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Lecture 11: Sex and Gender
Good News/Bad News
What do we mean by sex?
Biological differences between males and females. Part of our
genetic code, copies of chromosomes
XX = female
XY = male
Rare exceptions XXY, XXX, etc
Sex Characteristics
Primary sex characteristics
o Reproductive organs
o Ovaries, testes, penis, vagina
Secondary sex characteristics (at puberty)
o physical - not directly related to reproduction
o facial hair, breast development, height, muscle mass..
Difference also in skull, males more robust, larger muscle marking
and just bigger size
Differences related to childbearing
Functional differences, changes in females associated with ability
to give birth
Sexual Dimorphism
Without regard to measurement, there is always a difference in a
range of a continuum to a some degree of overlap
Height two curves one is more forward, one for male and one for
female. Tehre is overlap, overlaps on both sides and on tails. True
of all sex characteristics. Primary, secondary etc. All have same 4
sets of tissues, efficiency of biology, to have same for some
tissues but different for some.
Genital formation
Intersex, in brief: Some intersex conditions
Aphaliawhen the first two sections don’t develop. Equally likely
to occur in ovaries as it is in with testes. Generally only common to
non-medically. Western medicine has a strong biased along the
lines of sex and gender such that having fully functional penis for
males is necessary
Clitoromegalyclitoris larger than usual in girls
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