Culture period between paleolithic and neolithic (approx. Broad spectrum revolution: exploration of smaller animals (including fish) Became somewhat less nomadic (settle in certain places where people can congregate) Fertile crescent cradle of civilization southwest asia and middle east. Plant domestication began in jordan river valley; animal domestication began in. Wheat- a cereal grain; originated in the levant region of the near east and. Origin: levant region of near east and ethiopian highlands. Yields harvests that provide long term storage of food. Contributed to emergence of city states in the fertile crescent (e. g. babylonian and assyrian empires) A staple food (flour, fermented to make beer) Seeds (spikelets remain attached to the ear by a toughed rachis during harvesting. The term maize derives from the spanish form of the indigenous taino word maize for the plant. Maize is the domesticated variant of teosinte. Maize=a single tall stalk with multiple leaves. Several theories proposed about the origin of maize in mesoamerica.