Labs start thursday sept 22 in kth b122. Final exam cumulative but stressing post mid term. Definition: way of seeing and learning about past human cultures through the analysis of material remains in their temporal and spatial context. Spend a lot of time learning ancient languages. Is a system of meaning (what people think) Structures and is structured by human action in the material world. Physical traces of human action in the world. Archaeologists reconstruct these patterns to tell (empirically constrained) stories of the past. Collect data about moments or series of events. Academic: justification for research based on research questions and granting agencies. Emphasizes the speakers (or culture member"s) understanding of what they do and why. Emphasizes the outside "scientific" view and explanation for behaviour. How do you know that"s an artefact not a rock. How we link stones and bones to social processes. Both small scale and processes over a large region.