ANTHROP 2PC3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Structural Violence, Arthur Keith, Homo Erectus

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Impact of Music Tech
production
storage/retrieval
distribution
consumption
Landmarks in Music Tech
notating
printing/publishing
recording/manufacturing
broadcasting
digitizing
Digital
not physical
infinite, exact copies
portability -> miniaturization
dissemination -> Internet
global impact
means of production available to user
Technology
new technical inventions -> no social history
real significance begins when brought to life through social uses
o ie. if the walkman didn't take off, much of the further evolution of the technology would
not have happened
Western ideology of progress and advancement tied to technical innovation
o Newer as better (? some refuted)
o do it because it's new
What is Music Technology?
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“Whatever music technology is, it is not one thing alone. It is not separate from the social groups that
use it; it is not separate from the individuals who invented it, tested it, marketed it, distributed it, sold it,
repaired it, listened to it, bought it, or revived it. In short, music technologyany technologyis not
simply an artifact or a collection of artifacts; it is, rather, always bound up in a social system, a “seamless
web,” as it is often described."
Classic Editing Techniques
Tape Editing
Splicing
o literally mean using a razor to cut and a special type of tape
Looping
o Cut tape, tape it in a circle without enough tension to still play and loop
"Delay"
o uses two tape recorders, Tape recorder 1 goes into tape recorder 2, output of tape
recorder 2 gets fed back into tape recorder 1. Length in echo determined by distance of
tape
Direction change
o Play tape backwards
speed change
o Play tape faster or slower (changing the duration and the frequency)
Tape to Digital
splicing -> cut & paste
looping -> repeating
"delay” -> echo
direction change -> reverse
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