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Lecture 13

ANTHROP 3HI3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Halliburton, Anatomy Act 1832, Commodification


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTHROP 3HI3
Professor
Dr.Medeiros
Lecture
13

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ANTHRO'3HI3'–'Lecture'13'
March'3,'2016'
Priscilla'Medeiros'
Part'2:'Anthropology'of'the'Body''
March'3,'2016.'
Commodification'of'Body'Parts'
Social'and'body'politic'Individual'bodies'are'turns'into'objects-'bought'and'sold'
The'body'politic'seeks'to'control'the'supply'of'body'parts'
Commodifying'bodies-'organ'transplant-'one'way'commodified'and'controlled'by'the'body'
politic-'other'examples-'reproductive'technologies-'artificial'insemination,'mapping'genome-'
the'body'of'women'commodified'as'sex'workers'in'Haiti'
Commodification'of'organs'and'trade'internationally'illegally'and'legally'
Many'international'ramification'
'Part'kidney'or'other'organs'because'of'poverty''
India-'common'to'trade'kidney'to'pay'for'dowry'and'other'expenses'
In'brazil'poor'people'sell'kidney'for'money-'now'large'market'to'sell'to'middle'east,'north'
America-'removed'without'their'consent'
The'body'politic'tries'to'control'the'transplantation'of'body-'Brazil-'all'adults'are'donors'and'to'
be'excluded'needed'to'say'they'don’t'eat'to'in'from'of'everyone'
A'history'of'Commodification'
Public'dissertations'were'common'in'the'19th'century'
The'anatomy'Act'(1831)'prohibited'the'sales'of'dead'bodies'in'the'UK-'cannot'be'held'criminally'
responsive'to'take'the'body-'even'after'hospital'could'take'it'for'education'if'family'member's'
did'not'come'or'they'couldn’t'pay'
People'did'everything'to'avoid'being'donated-'friends'and'neighbors'take'money,'bodies'hidden'
at'home,'and'more'than'one'body'hidden'in'a'coffin'at'a'time-'poor'Africans,'indigenous,'new'
immigrants'preferred'bodies'because'not'the'same'respect'and'more'valuable'dead'than'alive'
'End'of'19th'c'outcry'happened'for'this'came'to'a'stop'
Then'turned'to'body'snatchers-'before'systems'of'donation'and'volunteerism'
Bought'and'sold'like'any'commodity-'set'stage'in'Europe'
Transplants'and'the'Trade'in'Human'Body'parts'
Disease'perspective:'organs'are'spare'parts'to'make'the'body'function'
Illness'perspective:'transplant'can'change'the'sense'of'self'
Raises'new'ethical'question'about'what'constitutes'the'end'of'life'or'moment'of'death''
First'successful-'1957-'a'lot'happen'now-'mostly'kidney'other'lung,'liver,'pancreas,'surgeons-'
organs'are'an'object'and'spare'parts'to'make'the'body'function'normally'
'Patients-'transplant-'psychological'and'social-'can'change'identity'and'self'and'restructure'to'
reflect'new'lives'and'who'they'once'were'
'Symbolically'reborn'and'organ'has'own'history'and'biography'and'raises'ethical'question'on'life'
and'death-'death'of'entire'body'or'just'the'death'of'the'brain-'struggles'to'answer'on'body'and'
health'
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