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Lecture 8

ANTHROP 3HI3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Australian Council Of Trade Unions, Olation, Social Alienation


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTHROP 3HI3
Professor
Dr.Medeiros
Lecture
8

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ANTHRO'3HI3'–'Lecture'08''
February'1,'2016'
Priscilla'Medeiros,'1'
'
Lecture:'The'Role'of'Stigma'
February'1st'2016.'
Erving'Goffman'and'Stigma'
“The'phenomenon'whereby'an'individual'with'an'attribute,'which'is'deeply'discredited…is'
rejected'as'a'result'of'the'attribute.'Stigma'is'a'process'by'which'the'reaction'of'others'spoils'
normal'identity.”''
Social'sciences'have'talked'of'stigma'for'many'years'and'looked'at'its'diversity-'attempts'to'
understand'holistically-'since'1960s'
Figures'to'highlight'stigma'in'socio-cultural'context'
Stigma-'book-'cited'in'many'works-'how'people'experience'in'their'everyday'
Brought'it'on'disability'and'disease'and'the'isolation'and'Goffman'
Attribute'and'behaviour'and'reputation'that'they'assume'and'socially'discredited'
'Classified'as'undesirable'and'rejected'because'of'their'difference'
'Social'interaction'dictation'and'cultural'backgrounds-'how'stigma'created'an'reinforced'(stigma'
can'only'occur'through'interaction)'
'Oversimplification-'create'us'and'them-'hetero'vs.'homosexual,'young'and'old'
Socially'constructed'and'different'in'places'
'Biomedical'does'not'deal'with'this'because'subjective'and'individualistic''
Defining'Stigma'
Refers'to'negative'associations'with'certain'deviations'from'the'norm'
'Affixes'to'an'individual’s'identity'
Often'leads'to'social'alienation'and'societal'exclusion'
Shapes'one’s'emotions,'beliefs,'and'the'self'
Is'often'a'label'that'associated'the'person'to'stereotypes'and'becomes'fixed'on'the'person''
Negative'associations'with'moving'away'from'health'
Lead'to'unfair'judgments'and'will'affect'treatment'and'behaviours'
'Social'alienation'and'exclusion''
Compounds'illness'and'disease'by'leading'to'health'problem'
Brown-'shame'around'doctors'and'nurses-'they'talk'while'he'is'around-'clearly'they'are'
unaware'of'how'to'deal'with'it'but'also'has'internalized'it'
'Patients'feel'shame'in'clinical'setting'
Label'person-'status'loss'and'discrimination'and'creates'expectations'on'the'groups'and'leads'to'
health'related'stigma'and'problems'
P.'164-'lepers-'lived'in'complete'isolation-'fail'to'meet'normative'expectations'and'undesirable'
traits-'point'trying'to'make-'people'begin'to'act'in'the'way'society'wants'them'to'be-'in'the'
public'sphere-'people'also'begin'to'internalize'what'they'are'told'
Visible'and'Invisible'Stigma'
1. Visible'stigma:'refers'to'race,'age,'gender,'physical'disabilities-'immediate'action'and'
acknowledge'norm-'strategies'to'reduce'interpersonal'discrimination'
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