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Lecture 8

ARTHIST 2C03 Lecture 8: Roman Art L8: jan 24

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Art History
Martin Beckmann

Caesar to Augustus: The transformation of Rome Question: the aemilius paulus monument at delphi shows distinctly roman trait/artistic theme: history - This shows up in Greek Art, but mostly in Roman - There is an inscription that makes it clear that he captured this from the Macedonian King Question: where was a parallel to house of the faun? - In Egypt: parallel to mosaic of pan and woman from egypt in the hellenistic period - How does this parallel come into being? Could be it travelling on paper, or the artist travelling Buildings in the Forum in the Time of Caesar - The Romans did not beautify their cities, the city had: - 3rd and 2nd centuries BC had small temples and 85% of those small temples were connected to foreign victories - Down to 2nd century BC Rome had very few grand buildings - Temple of jupiter, optimus maximus - Temple of saturn - Temple of castor and pollux - Senate house - Comitium - Temple of Vesta - Capitoline hill - Basilica Aemilia - Temple buildings by victorious generals are small traits - 312 BC, the Aqua Appia, 73,000 cubic metres of water per day - Building of public works like: roads, sewers in 2nd Century BC - Down to 1st century BC in Rome there was no stone theatre/amphitheatre. So texts suggest that Romans watched their gladiatorial battles in the forum - Romans were famous for great monumental bath buildings and there were none of them either until after 1st century BC Powerful Generals 1) Pompey the Great - Introduced in the middle of 1st century BC - Pompey the great, 106 BC: one aspect of hellenistic Style (bust in copenhagen). The hair on the forehead is trying to make you think that he resembles Alexander the Great. - Veristic, wrinkles - Some aspect of hellenistic - Finally called “magmnus” he was a general and defeated mithridates the 6th (king who sacked delos). Magnus is 81 BC - He allied himself with the senate - 49 BC fled from italy from fighting caesar - 48 BC, lost the battle of Pharsalus and fled to Egypt. He was murdered. - Most important contribution was a theatre , stone theatre in 59 BC it was built in an area called circus flaminius 2) Caesar Portrait/45 BC ● Coin: venus, holding a palm branch, and leaning on a shield. On the other side is Caesar and inscribed is a word that means commander, and it is where the word emperor comes from. Caesar was not the first Roman Emperor that was Augustus. ● No hint of hellenistic work here, it is only an example of a veristic portrait ● Caesar made his soldiers very loyal because he was very successful, so they had a lot of succes
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