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Freud and psychoanalysis (2).docx

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McMaster University
Richard B Day

September 17 , 2012 Psych 2B03: Theories of Personality Freud and Psychoanalysis (2) Freud and Psychoanalysis - maximize pleasure and minimize pain - two fundamental instincts: sexuality and aggression - everything we do that leads to a positive pleasure experience is satisfying one or both of these fundamental instincts - activate dopamine using brain systems - libido: used to power the activities that power sexual activity and aggression deep in the unconscious - how sex and aggression power things that don’t appear to be related to sex or aggression Id - only structure that exists at the moment of birth - the entire mind or psyche is id at the moment of birth - translates need into drive  drive is felt or experienced desire for something - pleasure principle: tries to satisfy the sexual and aggressive instincts: if it feels good do it and do it right now - knows only images: in releasing libido the id is extremely handicapped and has very few skills, no direct contact with the outside world except for memory images that have been stored of objects from the outside world - primary process: ids way of gaining pleasure when it experiences need and turns it to a drive it looks for an image that’s associated and then invest libido in holding on to that image - investment or using up libido by attaching it to an images: chathexis - predicate thinking: great difficulty distinguishing between similar images, dream symbolism - no sense of cause & effect: no idea of the consequences of it’s actions - id also has control over reflexes: grasping, sucking - no past or future – only NOW: id today is exactly the same as when you were born because there is only the present - not a planning structure - remains essentially unchanged - where all of our libido resides at birth and then gets distributed - new images to look at throughout life - very primitive, childlike and animalistic - biological basis - the moment we are born and come in contact with the real world a part of the id begins to differentiate to deal with the outside world, becomes second psychic structure which we call the ego - fundamental structure that can actually learn by classical conditioning Ego - reality principle: modification of pleasure principle, designed to be reality tester, if it feels good do it but only if it’s safe - learning experiencing part of the mind - distinct from pleasure principle - takes into account the consequences of our actions - secondary process: keeps track of what the id is thinking about, what images the id is investing libido in and sees if
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