CHEM 1A03 LECTURE 12 – ACID BASE CHEMISTRY
Studied electrolyte dissolution behavior.
Acids ionize to generate PROTON (H+) whereas bases ionize to produce HYDROXIDE
Theory applicable to protic acids and metal hydroxides in water, however, many
exceptions (BF3 and NH3)
Neutralization reaction: Net Ionic equation (H+ + OH- H20)
Acids are now H+ donors, bases are H+ acceptors
Acid/base reactants and conjugate acid/base products
Acids are electron pair acceptors
Bases are electron pair donors\
Assuming X away
Sometimes, Assuming x is small avoids a quadratic solution. However, MUST CHECK if
assumption is valid!
If [HA]/Ka > 100, then assumption is valid!/.
HCl, HBr, HI, HClO ,4HNO , 3 SO2 4 Strong bases:
Group I and II hydroxides
Hydrides (H )-
Oxides (O )
Percent (%) Ionization