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Classics 1A03 #9doc.doc

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McMaster University
Spencer Pope

Rome • Traditional foundation date = 753 BC • 753-509 BC = Monarchy •509-27 BC = Republic •ROME LATIUM Located onRiver Tiber • 27 BC = Empire • ROMA URBS Septimontium: 7 Hills Capitoline, Palatine, Forum Boarium Archaeology of Roman History • First accounts of Roman History: 3rd-2nd c. BC – Historians = annalists = year-by-year account – Epic poets = patriotic accounts of earlier days • Oral tradition, religious hymns, folklore • Ceremonies honouring the deceased recounted episodes of their lives, retold again and again to bring honor to the bloodline • Romans venerated their own history: they looked back as much as forward & esteemed tradition and values of earlier times (maiores). Titus Livius (Livy) and P. Vergilius Maro (Vergil) • Livy, Ab Urbe Condita (From the foundation [of Rome]); c. 25 BC • [up to] c. 700 years after the events • Vergil, The Aeneid, (c. 19 BC) poetic account of the foundation of Rome, links Rome’s origins back to the Trojan War through hero Aeneas. Rome’s Foundation Myths: Vergil’s Aeneid, inter alia. Aeneas: Trojan Warrior, fled the Sack of Troy with Penates (household gods) Wife is Creusa (left behind at Troy), son is Ascanius (also known as Iulus) Rome’s Foundation Mythology • Aeneas encountered in Italy: – Evander (Greek Hero who had settled at future site of Rome) – Latinus, a local king, father of Lavinia, – Lavinia, who was betrothed to Turnus, – Turnus, King of the Rutulians – Aeneas married Lavinia. Wolf and Twins She-wolf Nursing Romulus And Re
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