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Lecture 23

CLASSICS 1M03 Lecture 23: Lecture23
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Department
Classics
Course
CLASSICS 1M03
Professor
Claude Eilers
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 22: Roman Religion Roman Religion ● Animism, anthropomorphic ○ Everything has a spirit and power in it ○ Anthropomorphic examples: on the Trajan column [Danube], [Tiber], Rain, etc. ■ You need keep peace between humans and divine ● Syncretism ○ Reshaped gods into what they had done ○ Zeus (Greek) = Ammon (Egypt) = Jupiter (Roman) ○ Syncretize = bring in parallels ● Zeus/Jupiter; Aphrodite/Venus; Artemis/Diana ○ Examples of syncretism ○ More that i know: Hera/Juno; Athena/Minerva; Poseidon/Neptune, Ares/Mars, Hephaestus/Vulcan, Hermes/Mercury, Cronos/Saturn, Hades/Pluto, Demeter/Ceres ● Pax deorum ○ The peace of the Gods ○ A relationship between humanity and the universe by the Gods ○ Humans do what is necessary and the Gods will keep the Harvest good, etc. ○ Not morality (if we are good the gods will be good to us) ■ If we sacrifice to the Gods then they will do what they need to ○ Very specific order and names that need to be said otherwise it won’t work ● do ut des (i give so that you might give) ● [quid pro quo] ○ Something for something ○ This is why the Gods give ● Astrology, [Thrasyllus] ○ Life governed by the stars, a sealed fate dictated by the alignment of the stars
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