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Graeme Ward

Classics/History 1M03 – Lecture 1 – May 6, 2013 Introduction, Bronze And Dark Age Greece Course Goals Herodotus (485-424 BCE) - “Historia”, Herodotus’s work not only means history but also “inquiry” and “investigation” - main aim of this course is to develop the bigger questions taken from the evidence Grecian Geography - Mediterranean geography, along coastal waters - 70% mountainous, rugged terrain - land is infertile, unable to produce much agriculture - therefore, infrastructure suffers, communities are established nearest to water/sea - low population, resource scarce - Plato said that Greeks were “like frogs around a pond” o No part of mainland Greece is more than 35 miles from the sea - Emphasizes the importance of sea trade - Never once was Greece a single, unified political nation, rather, it was made up of local and independent areas - Although they did share common language, customs and religion Greece Was not a “nation” - individual communities existed throughout mainland Greece and the Mediterranean, more than 1500 groups - Two types of communities: - Polis (poleis): o Identity of citizenship primarily by their polis o Independent states, regarded as the “home” o Examples: Athenian of Athens or Corinthian of Corinth - Ethnoi (“peoples”): o Initial regions, represents other half of communities o Peaceful and rural Sources on Ancient Greece - intermittent sources that tell us only one perspective of the times, usually written records - forms: material(archaeological), written, inscriptions - only 10% of what existed in the period of ancient Greece is available to historians today - this becomes problematic as they are incomplete and historians must be selective in their study of the sources Periodization of Ancient Greece  Minoan Civilization c. 2700-1600 BCE  Mycenaean Civilization c. 1900-1200 BCE  Iron Age or “Dark Age” Greece 1100-776 BCE  Archaic Period 776-480 BCE  Classical Period
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