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Lecture 27

CLASSICS 2K03 Lecture 27: Discipline, Corporal Punishment, & Pietas in the Roman Household
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Department
Classics
Course
CLASSICS 2K03
Professor
Dr.Scarfo
Semester
Winter

Description
Discipline, CorporalPunishment, & Pietasin the Roman Household Monday, March 20, 2017 4:26 PM • Artifact:Wall painting from Pompeii • Somestudentsread their scrolls to the left ofthe -eOnthe right,male student has been stripped & is being held by slaves & beaten by teacher Seneca,OnAnger 3.40. 2-4 • ‘Whenoneofhisslaveshadbrokenacrystalcup,Vediusorderedhimtobe seized & doomed him to die, but in an extraordinary -heordered him to be throwntothehugelampreys, whichhe keptina fish -pond. Who wouldnot suppose that he did this merely for display? It was really out of cruelty. The lad slipped from his captors and fled to Caesar’s feet, begging only that he might diesomeotherway - anythingbutbeingeaten ...’ • ‘...Caesar, shocked by such an innovation in cruelty, ordered that the boy be pardoned,&,besides, that allthecrystalcups bebroken before hiseyes & that thefish-pond befilled up. It was so that it befitted Caesarto rebuke a friend; he employed hispowerrightly: ‘Do you ordermento be hurried from a banquet todeath,&tobetorntopieces by torturesof anunheard -ofkind? Ifyourcup wasbroken,is a man to havehisbowelstorn asunder? Willyou vaunt yourself so much as to order a man to be led to death in the very presence of Caesar?’ TopicsofDiscussion • Punishments used by the fatherpa( terfamilias) to discipline children • Methods used by masterd(ominus) on his slaves • (NOTE:Dominus & paterfamilias werethesameperson) • The RoleofPietas PositionofSon&Slave • Couldn'townproperty • Givenallowance( peculium) by father/master • Master acquired property/property rights through both • Master liable at private law for their wrongdoing Discipline, CorporalPunishment, & Pietasin the Roman Household Monday, March 20, 2017 4:26 PM • Artifact:Wall painting from Pompeii • Somestudentsread their scrolls to the left ofthe -eOnthe right,male student has been stripped & is being held by slaves & beaten by teacher Seneca,OnAnger 3.40. 2-4 • ‘Whenoneofhisslaveshadbrokenacrystalcup,Vediusorderedhimtobe seized & doomed him to die, but in an extraordinary -heordered him to be throwntothehugelampreys, whichhe keptina fish -pond. Who wouldnot suppose that he did this merely for display? It was really out of cruelty. The lad slipped from his captors and fled to Caesar’s feet, begging only that he might diesomeotherway - anythingbutbeingeaten ...’ • ‘...Caesar, shocked by such an innovation in cruelty, ordered that the boy be pardoned,&,besides, that allthecrystalcups bebroken before hiseyes & that thefish-pond befilled up. It was so that it befitted Caesarto rebuke a friend; he employed hispowerrightly: ‘Do you ordermento be hurried from a banquet todeath,&tobetorntopieces by torturesof anunheard -ofkind? Ifyourcup wasbroken,is a man to havehisbowelstorn asunder? Willyou vaunt yourself so much as to order a man to be led to death in the very presence of Caesar?’ TopicsofDiscussion • Punishments used by the fatherpa( terfamilias) to discipline children • Methods used by masterd(ominus) on his slaves • (NOTE:Dominus & paterfamilias werethesameperson) • The RoleofPietas PositionofSon&Slave • Couldn'townproperty • Givenallowance( peculium) by father/master • Master acquired property/property rights through both • Master liable at private law for their wrongdoing • Couldn'townproperty • Givenallowance( peculium) by father/master • Master acquired property/property rights through both • Master liable at private law for their wrongdoing PositionofSon&Slave(AnUnconvincingArgument) • Nodistinctionbetweensons&slaves • Both treated aschattel • Childrenwere'movedaroundlikepawnsonachessboardofwealth&power [&] were hardlycherished & coddled' • Deathoffather= Endofakindofslavery… ButWhatAbout Pietas?! • Pietas: Often defined as filial yThat is, obedience& submission to one's father… • BUT a different
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