CLASSICS 2K03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Cithara, Mnesikles, Ancient Greek Temple

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Greek and Roman Society
Classics 2K03
Professor Kyle McLeister
July 4th 2016
Greek Art and The Acropolis Building
Neoclassical Style
Columns
Sculptured pediments
Sculpture
A more private form of art, compared to the more public art of
temples
Marble or bronze
Originally heavily influenced by sculpture from the Near East
Many bronze sculptures didn’t survive
The Origins of Greek Sculpture
Strong Egyptian influence on early Archaic statuary
Similarities: stiff form, forward-facing, left leg slightly
forward, hairstyle
Differences: nudity
Archaic to Classical
Classical sculpture was far more life-like
Importance of representing the ideal male aesthetic
Kouroi (singular: kouros) = boys
Korai (singular: kore) = girls
Temples: Function
Required an open-air altar as the only thing necessary to
interact with the gods
Often houses a sacred image
Some also functioned as treasuries
Temples as votive offerings
Meant to bribe the gods
Not places of worship
Acted more has Greek houses
Temples were often torn down and rebuilt in order to give the
gods something bigger and better as a new offering
Each temple was dedicated to one god; not often multiple
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Basic Layout of the Temple
Opisthodomos – back porch or the closed in space by the anta
This picture will be on the test****
Greeks had very specific ideas about what looked better
Competition between poleis to make the better temple: larger and
larger, and eventually outdo the other in design
Variations of Order
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