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Dan Popowich

Anthropoloy Nov 22/12 Video How many diseases impact humans? 1415 How many of these are zoonotic? 60% Medical Anthropology, The Environment, Global Ecosystem of Capitalism & Light Pollution. Ecosystems  Community of organisms.. living, feeding, reproducing & interacting in the same area. Biotic  Biological forms of life found in any ecosystem Abiotic  Non-biological things (minerals/glaciers) Environmental Sociology 1. Influence of traditional perspectives: Anthropocentrism – humans concerned with only themselves 2. Human exceptional paradigm – humans are unique but not exempt  Significance of human culture  Problems will be solved through culture 3. New Ecological Paradigm  Humans are one part of global ecosystem  Our impact is significant Human assault on the environment – We do not simply live in an environment.. we produce it. 1. In what ways have human societies affected/infected the environment? 2. What impact have we had upon health & behaviour? “Human societies have created environmental crises... throughout their long evolution” - Failure to maintain balance with nature has led to demise  Ex. Mian Ruins, Easter Island: Moai worship caused erosion & loss of resources, Irrigation + Domestication of Animals: Caused epidemic disease. “Health is rooted in the stable environment” - While no environment is entirely “stable” humans have created more instability Ex. Tsunamis, Hurricanes, Tornados, Droughts, Earthquakes, Flooding & Natural Climate Change - Changes in economic systems have impacted local & global environments (Ex. Swidden – Slash/Burn & Irrigation &Mosquitoes CO2 Increases) - Population expansion leads to ecological imperialism (Crosby 1986) - Horses, Cows, Pigs, Dandelions, Blue Grass, Smallpox, Influenza, Measles & Other life forms The Assault on Diversity Early evidence for cultivation: Sea of Galilee - Shellfish, Olive & Lentil Cultivation - Sedentary camp: threepole huts - Younger Dryas Pleistocene 2.5mya – 0.2mya  Ice Age: Wurm Glacial Holocene  Warming trend  Extinction of cold adapted large game  Large spectrum foraging  Abundant grains  Became sedentary (Ex. Natufians) Causing: Population increase (which increases disease)
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