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Lecture 3

CMST 1A03 Lecture 3: Week 4

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Communication Studies
Terry Flynn

Tuesday, January 24, 2017 Week 4 Key Terms For The Lecture - Humanism — looks at the human in society. How does society think about human rights - Ideology - Public Sphere - Communication Commodities - Objectivity - Press/Media The European Roots of Media and Western Society - The Middle Ages - Feudal society and the dominance of the Church - The Renaissance - Return to the classical teachings of ancient Greece and Rome, the emergence of humanism - Marked by the development of Gutenberg’s printing press (1454) - Printing presses disseminated ideas and spread literacy - new ideas from other regions could lead to social change and destabilization - The Reformation - Martin Luther criticized the Catholic Church and advocated a more individual relationship with God - Printing of the Bible made it more accessible to people, weakening the power of the Church - Counter- Reformation 1 Tuesday, January 24, 2017 - Re-establishment of Church and state as heads of power, censorship and state control of printing and publishing - John Milton’s anti-censorship essay Areopagitica (1644) - Age of Reason/ the Enlightenment - return to humanism and the application of the scientific approach - Key philosophers: Locke, Voltaire, Rousseau, and Adam Smith - Expanding elite class: the bourgeoisie - Nature of the printing press - the desire to control information vs. the development of voices representing different interests The Industrial Revolution, Communication and Social Form - Industrial Revolution lead to the development of cities and the need for improved communication across distances - Social changes: shift to the nuclear family and the distinction between work and leisure time - The telegraph and telephone “Shrank space through time” - Photography created connections to people an events in far-away places - Motion picture industry found a niche among urban workers with new found leisure time and disposable income - The commodification of communication and information: a key factor in economic growth and a barrier between “haves” and “have nots” The Beginnings of the Modern Media: The Newspaper or “Press” - Progression of press ownership: disorganization, alignment with political parties, ownership by corporations - Newspapers shifted away from purely political alliances as readership expanded and advertising became their major source of revenue 2 Tuesday, January 24, 2017 - Newspapers became a communication hub between individuals between industry and individuals - As newspaper readership increased, journalism shifted from partisan to “objective” reporting - Attempt to attract more readership through photos, headlines, entertainment - Publishers desired to pursue profitability free from state restrictions - Journalists desired to pursue unbiased reportage January 26th Key Terms - Libertarian Theory - Freedom of Expression - Watchdog Role - Social Responsibility Theory - Mass Society Thesis - Political Economy - Ribbon of Steel - Economies of Scale - Crown Corporations - “Cancon” - Cultural Industries - Freedom of Information - 4 dimensions of media engagement with public policy - Public Service/Not-for-Profit Journalism 3 Tuesday, January 24, 2017 Perspectives on the Media -
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