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Lecture 9

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Chapter 6: Off the job training methods
Training methods are an important components of the design of training programs
Instructional Methods: the techniques used to stimulate learning.
oUsually take place in a classroom or formal setting for the purpose of
In both Canada and the US, instructor-led classroom training remains the primary
and most popular method of providing training, although it has been on the
decline in the last decade.
Instructional Methods
1. Lecture: a training method in which the trainer presents to trainees the training
content to be learned. It involves the flow of information from the trainer to the
trainee. Advantages: large amounts of information can be provided to large
groups of trainees in a relatively short period of time at a minimal expense. Key
points can be emphasized and repeated. A lecture could be a highlight of the key
learning points of a video or role play. Disadvantages: the lecture does not
accommodate differences in trainee ability and al trainees are forced to absorb the
information at the same rate. TO overcome these disadvantages, trainers often
include time for discussion, questions and answers and other opportunities for
2. Discussion method: Allows two-way communication between the trainer and
trainees as well as among trainees. If is one of the primary ways to increase
involvement. Method not effective with a large group of people.
a. Helps trainees recognize what they do not know but should know
b. Opportunity for trainees to get answers to questions
c. Allows trainees to get advice on matters that are of concern to them
d. It allows trainees to share ideas and derive a common wisdom
e. It is a way for trainees to learn about one another as people.
3. Case study: A training method in which trainees discuss, analyze, and solve
problems based on a real situation. Primary use of the case study method is to
encourage open discussion and analysis of problems and events. Students then
analyze the situation and report back to the company. This approach is called
operational consulting.
Objectives are as following:
a. Introduce realism into trainees learning
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