Computer Science Notes: Information Presentations
IP – 1 – Document Elements
PG# 345 – 403
Organization of foreground elements on a background.
Repetition (of patterns and rhythms in your document) is the key to simple,
understandable, predictable navigation.
Clarity is also enhanced by restraint.
Elements should have a specific role and be integrated within the content.
3 Tell Rule: tell them what you’re going to say, say it, tell them what you said
(intro, body, conclusion)
Elements of page design
Manipulating text blocks
Emphasis with text
Directing the reader’s eye
Typeface and fonts
how to control use of patterns (many things that form a style or a look) text,
RELEVANCE OF PRESENTATION
Creation of the right impression depends significantly on visual presentation,
even if the material is in written form.
Weak presentation of information adversely impacts communication.
Presentation tools provide an opportunity to effectively target a specific
Clear and timely communication of information is critical to the success or failure
of most business and institutional organizations.
know your audience
effect of tools
organization, repetition, clarity
ELEMENTS OF PAGE DESIGN
o Headings: few, consistent, logical
beyond 3 levels = make a new section
text breaks, extra space above
hierarchical numbering, lighter shade of ink
o Margins: size, proportion, balance, contrast, theme
eye relief, hyphen or ragged edge, typeface or spaces
eyes get tired, person gets bored – attract attention; presented in
way to relax eye muscles, not tiring/boring
o Page Numbering: same size as body text
1 point = 2 ndmost important point, LAST POINT = MOST IMPORTANT! The Grid
o implicit/explicit spatial division
o procedural guide, eye motion
o aid to layout structure, consistency
o format v. content
Choose a grid that is compatible with the information itself and the
few headings; use outline approach (topic headings)
justified right edge = more professional
use block form
keep runarounds on same sides!
hyphenation = suffi-
text excerpt/image (runaround this!)
o summary, thumb index, subtitle
o used for emphasis
o top = intro, bottom = summary
WORD 2007 RUNAROUND MANIPULATING TEXT BLOCKS
PG #88 & PG # 65
o longer = slower
o 30 to 70 characters, typically 8-10 average words
o How many in a newspaper or magazine?
columns have 4, 6-7 words
full=line KERNING (microspaces, horizontally stretched out to
o ascender, descender, counter
o point size
o proportional font or typeface (kerning)
o leading between lines (sometimes between characters)
leading = strips of lead to separate documents, changing how
many blank lines are put in between text lines
o 11 pt. type and 14 leading; 10 pt. type and 12 leading
o 10-14 pts = typical for most text documents
o 1 pt = 0.01383 inches, 12 pts = 1 pica, 6 picas = 1 inch
o One or two spaces afterwards?