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Lecture 7

Earth Science-Lecture 7 notes- Trading Water & Justice.pdf

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Earth Sciences
Luc Bernier

Trading Water and Justice1 4What is the name of the hurricane expected to make landfall in the next few hours a Rosemary b Sandy c Laura d Stacy Part 1Water ExportsWater ExportsHave expanded suddenly with the development of the bottled water industryWater exports have expanded suddenly with the development of the bottled water industryThis has been accompanied by the growth ofbulk shipping which with the use of commissioned oil tankers although now the sipping is done in large plastic containersFor instance as part of an agreement with Israel certain countries ship water in large containers Bottled Water ConsumptionEither in bottles or large containers varies markedly from region to regionAs illustrated by this map of the world each region is identified by their water consumption in billion litres per year eitherthe total value the natural water consumption the treated water consumption small volumes and in bulk over 10 LWestern Europe is the largest overall consumer with a per capita consumption of 104 Lyearperson In comparison Eastern Europe consumes only 17LyearpersonThe lowest per capita worldwide consumption is found in Asia 8 Lyearperson which reflects the overall levels of effluentsVirtual Water International real water trading is a drop in the ocean in comparison to virtual water that is being tradedAll food stuffs that are traded require water to produce themWater is needed to grow crops and to provide for animals to drink Trading Water and Justice It is also used in food processingA country that is importing its food is using other countrys water and saving its ownThis picture illustrates the amount of water needed to produce each one of these productsVirtual Water and Everyday ProductsGrowth of international trading represents also growth of virtual water tradingAlmost every produced used as used water in its production processWater is required to product shirts cars shoes and paperThis has important geopolitical ramificationsThe internal security of a country that is water poor may be increased by importing foods and goodsSuch a country might become dependent on foreign suppliers that might cease trading ExportsImports of WaterEuropean Union is the largest importer and exporter of waterThe trade in real water with the European union has increase 7 times since 1960The European union exports almost twice of what it importsThese maps show the volumes of water being traded in millions of litres
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