LEC09 Oct 18 2010 th
-systematic means of communication, ideas, feelings by use of conventionalized signs, gestures, marks
especially articulate sounds
-language (religion)- fundamental characteristic by which groups distinguish themselves from other
-language as a cultural variable is the single most important human achievement
-it is learned, transmitted over generations
-it permits continuity & changes of culture
-it is a link to variation in both physical & human environments
-language is the cornerstone of natural identity
-language is essence/lifeblood of a culture; without it, culture cannot exist
Ex a change in culture=a change in language use and VICE VERSA
1. How do languages vanish
2. What are consequences of disappearance of a language?
3. Is it necessary/desirable for a ‘universal’ language to exist?
Dynamic nature of a language ex. English of Shakespeare’s time[400 yrs ago] VS English of Jane
Austin’s time[200 yrs ago]
Regions, identity and language see fig. 6.10 pg 228 (world distribution of language families
before European expansion)
Compare with fig. 6.4 pg 220 (Culutural regions)
English: The Global language??
Mandarin: largest number of speakers
English: 2 largest
Why is the language spoken by greatest number of people not the language of international trade?
Why a l