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ECON 1B03 (520)
Lecture 13


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McMaster University
Hannah Holmes

LEC13 Nov 3 2010 rd Concentric Zone Model of Urban Form Ch 12 477-480, 482-486 Why do cities look the way they do? How do urban land uses sort themselves out? KEY CONCEPTS Land use types: categories of urban activities ex industrial, commercial, residential, institutional, open space/recreation Central business District (CBD): central nucleus of commercial land uses in city, point of highest accessibility Zone in transition: area mixed commercial, residential, industrial land uses surrounding CBD  So what do our cities look like?  What role does culture play in shaping urban form?  3 classic models fig. 12.2 pg 478 Concentric zone model -based on early 20 C Chicago -Ernest Burgess (1925) -City viewed as series of concentric zones of distinctive neighbourhoods/land uses formed by successive waves of immigrants arriving in the city -a socio-ecological model -spatial pattern of social groups resulted from ‘invasion & succession’ ex groups occupying urban neighbourhoods change over time as members of one immigrant group replace members of another immigrants group in a neighbourhood -ongoing process and given neighbourhood will be occupied by a series of diff imm group over time where in the city did invasion & succession occur? -process begins w/ arrival off an imm group in inner city -this location features lowest cost housing and closest proximity to employment -inner city viewed as ‘reception area’ (point of arrival) -over time, neighbourhood becomes populated by one dominant ethnic group -over time, original residents move out of their old neighbourhood into a new one, (thus beginning a new round of invasion & succession) -bio analogy (plant communities) leads to city viewed as being comprised of ‘natural areas’ -this research became known as the ‘’Chicago School of Urban Ecology” CRITICISMS of the Chicago School -based almost entirely on the city of Chicago -tends to ignore cultural dimensions of social org -biologically analogy questioned: are human a
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